571 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Activation of astrocytes in hippocampus decreases fear memory through adenosine A1 receptors

    Yulan Li et al.
    A new strategy of memory consolidation disruption based on astrocyte and purinergic signaling, which leads to persistent fear memory attenuation accompanied by reduced fear-related anxiety behavior.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Genome-wide alterations of uracil distribution patterns in human DNA upon chemotherapeutic treatments

    Hajnalka L Pálinkás et al.
    Human genomic DNA contains uracil in the late replicating, constitutive heterochromatic regions, while treatment with drugs perturbing thymidylate biosynthesis shifts the uracil distribution pattern towards the euchromatin in UNG-inhibited cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    A missense in HSF2BP causing primary ovarian insufficiency affects meiotic recombination by its novel interactor C19ORF57/BRME1

    Natalia Felipe-Medina et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analysis reveal a variant in HSF2BP causing POI and C19ORF57/BRME1 as an interactor and stabilizer of HSF2BP by forming a complex with BRCA2, RAD51, RPA and PALB2.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    ZCWPW1 is recruited to recombination hotspots by PRDM9 and is essential for meiotic double strand break repair

    Daniel Wells et al.
    ZCWPW1 has co-evolved with PRDM9, in particular the PRDM9-SET domain, and although not involved in PRDM9's role in positioning recombination events, it is required for PRDM9's role in pairing chromosomes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Sexual Reproduction: Reading the epigenetic code for exchanging DNA

    Mathilde Biot, Bernard de Massy
    Three independent studies show that a protein called ZCWPW1 is able to recognize the histone modifications that initiate the recombination of genetic information during meiosis.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Transport of DNA within cohesin involves clamping on top of engaged heads by Scc2 and entrapment within the ring by Scc3

    James E Collier et al.
    Rigorous biochemical and structural analyses reveal the precise topology of cohesin's association with DNA and suggest a mechanism for how DNA is transported inside the ring.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    PARP1 inhibitors trigger innate immunity via PARP1 trapping-induced DNA damage response

    Chiho Kim et al.
    Identification of PARP1 trapping as the major contributor of PARP1 inhibitor-induced innate immune response.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Novel C1q receptor-mediated signaling controls neural stem cell behavior and neurorepair

    Francisca Benavente et al.
    Complement C1q directly drives the behavior of human neural stem cells via a classical receptor signaling mechanism modulating their capacity for functional integration in vivo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis coordinates oxidative metabolism in mammalian mitochondria

    Sara M Nowinski et al.
    Mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis is best known for producing lipoic acid, however, longer acyl chain products regulate mitochondrial electron transport chain assembly, oxidative TCA cycle metabolism, and skeletal myoblast differentiation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    The identification of dual protective agents against cisplatin-induced oto- and nephrotoxicity using the zebrafish model

    Jaime N Wertman et al.
    L-mimosine and dopamine protect against cisplatin-induced oto- and nephrotoxicity in zebrafish and human cell line models.

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