629 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Progenitors oppositely polarize WNT activators and inhibitors to orchestrate tissue development

    Irina Matos et al.
    Progenitors establish a single-cell length WNT morphogen gradient to transmit signals directionally and differentially to neighbors.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Limited dishevelled/Axin oligomerization determines efficiency of Wnt/β-catenin signal transduction

    Wei Kan et al.
    In vitro and in cellulo characterization of oligomerization by the cytoplasmic Wnt effector dishevelled and its partner Axin provide new mechanistic principles for Wnt/β-catenin signaling.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Systemic hypoxia inhibits T cell response by limiting mitobiogenesis via matrix substrate-level phosphorylation arrest

    Amijai Saragovi et al.
    Systemic hypoxia model reveals the detrimental effect of hypoxia on mitochondrial biogenesis in activated T-cells and points at a new approach for improving viral resistance in patients with respiratory diseases.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    circZNF827 nucleates a transcription inhibitory complex to balance neuronal differentiation

    Anne Kruse Hollensen et al.
    A neuron-specific circular RNA keeps neuronal differentiation in check by lowering transcription rates from key neuronal marker genes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The histone modification reader ZCWPW1 links histone methylation to PRDM9-induced double-strand break repair

    Tao Huang et al.
    ZCWPW1 is a histone modification reader that localizes to DMC1-labelled double-strand break hotspots in a largely PRDM9-dependent manner, where it facilitates completion of synapsis by mediating DSB repair process.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Human embryonic lung epithelial tips are multipotent progenitors that can be expanded in vitro as long-term self-renewing organoids

    Marko Z Nikolić et al.
    Improved characterisation of human embryonic lung development highlights human-mouse differences and facilitates the development of defined culture conditions for the expansion of self-renewing, multipotent human lung epithelial progenitor cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Elucidation of the anti-autophagy mechanism of the Legionella effector RavZ using semisynthetic LC3 proteins

    Aimin Yang et al.
    Legionella effector RavZ evades host autophagy by extracting LC3-PE from the membrane before deconjugation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Aneuploidy as a cause of impaired chromatin silencing and mating-type specification in budding yeast

    Wahid A Mulla et al.
    Genetic analyses reveal that purely quantitative changes in the relative copy number of chromosomes can be sufficient to disrupt the epigenetic mechanisms that define the cells' differentiated state.
    1. Cell Biology

    The Mitotic Exit Network integrates temporal and spatial signals by distributing regulation across multiple components

    Ian Winsten Campbell et al.
    By distributing regulation to both the GTPase and downstream kinases, the Mitotic Exit Network creates a single signal from spatial and temporal inputs.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Multi-protein bridging factor 1(Mbf1), Rps3 and Asc1 prevent stalled ribosomes from frameshifting

    Jiyu Wang et al.
    An eukaryotic specific system cooperates with the ribosome quality control pathway to maintain the reading frame during translation of slowly translated sequences.

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