157 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Hemimetabolous insects elucidate the origin of sexual development via alternative splicing

    Judith Wexler et al.
    Sexual differentiation controlled by sex-specific mRNA splicing evolved in a step-wise manner in insects.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Sex-determining genes distinctly regulate courtship capability and target preference via sexually dimorphic neurons

    Kenichi Ishii et al.
    Sex-specific characteristics of the fruit fly courtship behavior are not specified by a single binary switch, but as a combination of traits that are modularly specified by separable genetic switches.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Layered roles of fruitless isoforms in specification and function of male aggression-promoting neurons in Drosophila

    Margot Wohl et al.
    Male-type aggressive and courtship behaviors of the fruit flies are differentially specified by two sex-determining genes, providing a substrate for the evolution to sculpt these two behaviors independently.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural circuitry coordinating male copulation

    Hania J Pavlou et al.
    A circuit consisting of motor neurons, inhibitory interneurons and mechanosensory neurons controls copulatory behaviour in male fruit flies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional fission of parvalbumin interneuron classes during fast network events

    Csaba Varga et al.
    There is surprising functional splitting of major hippocampal GABA cell classes during high-frequency network oscillations that doubles the repertoire of spatio-temporal patterns of GABA release.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Sox9 and Sox8 protect the adult testis from male-to-female genetic reprogramming and complete degeneration

    Francisco J Barrionuevo et al.
    The vertebrate testis-determining gene, Sox9, also controls adult testis maintenance in mammals, acting redundantly with its paralog Sox8.
    1. Neuroscience

    The neural basis for a persistent internal state in Drosophila females

    David Deutsch et al.
    A set of sexually dimorphic neurons in female flies is part of a recurrent neural network and drives minutes-long persistent neural activity and persistent social behaviors.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromosome-wide mechanisms to decouple gene expression from gene dose during sex-chromosome evolution

    Bayly S Wheeler et al.
    A chromosome-wide mechanism balances X-linked gene expression between the sexes in C. elegans, but no similar chromosome-wide mechanism balances gene expression between X chromosomes and autosomes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural Wiring: The circuitry of sex

    Joel Levine
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    1. Neuroscience

    Ubiquitin-dependent regulation of a conserved DMRT protein controls sexually dimorphic synaptic connectivity and behavior

    Emily A Bayer et al.
    The sex-specificity of a transcription factor required for sexual differentiation of a neural circuit is regulated by a novel post-transcriptional mechanism.

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