878 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    N501Y mutation of spike protein in SARS-CoV-2 strengthens its binding to receptor ACE2

    Fang Tian et al.
    Spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 with mutation N501Y shows a faster association rate, slower dissociation rate, and higher binding probability and unbinding force to its human receptor protein ACE2, leading to higher transmission.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Ascorbic acid supports ex vivo generation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells from circulating hematopoietic stem cells

    Anders Laustsen et al.
    Probing of various culture conditions leads to fundamental advances in ex vivo production of plasmacytoid dendritic cells for use in immunotherapy.
    1. Medicine

    Heparin-binding motif mutations of human diamine oxidase allow the development of a first-in-class histamine-degrading biopharmaceutical

    Elisabeth Gludovacz et al.
    Because heparin-binding motif mutations of human diamine oxidase (hDAO) block cellular uptake and strongly decrease clearance in vivo, modified recombinant hDAO might be a good candidate for the treatment of symptoms induced by excessive endogenous histamine release.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Leveraging the Mendelian disorders of the epigenetic machinery to systematically map functional epigenetic variation

    Teresa Romeo Luperchio et al.
    Chromatin/transcriptome profiling in multiple mouse models with mutations in epigenetic machinery (EM) reveals shared abnormalities including many IgA-relevant genes, indicating that this kind of joint analysis may elucidate the multigenic nature of EM disorders.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Translational control of polyamine metabolism by CNBP is required for Drosophila locomotor function

    Sonia Coni et al.
    A decrease of the type 2 myotonic dystrophy gene product CNBP causes an impairment of polyamine metabolism and locomotor dysfunction that can be reverted with polyamine supplementation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Cardiac pathologies in mouse loss of imprinting models are due to misexpression of H19 long noncoding RNA

    Ki-Sun Park et al.
    Maternal loss of imprinting at the Igf2/H19 locus reduces expression of H19 lncRNA and thereby leads to progressive cardiac pathologies in a mouse Beckwith–Wiedemann syndrome model.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Contrasting effects of Western vs Mediterranean diets on monocyte inflammatory gene expression and social behavior in a primate model

    Corbin SC Johnson et al.
    Modern human diet patterns alter primate behavior and monocyte gene expression leading to monocyte polarization–experimental evidence of the evolutionary mismatch hypothesis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Evolution of cytokine production capacity in ancient and modern European populations

    Jorge Domínguez-Andrés et al.
    Neolithic was a turning point for immune responses in Europeans, favoring tolerance against intracellular pathogens, promoting inflammation against extracellular microbes, and being related to current auto-immune diseases.
    1. Cell Biology

    Intracellular functions and motile properties of bi-directional kinesin-5 Cin8 are regulated by neck linker docking

    Alina Goldstein-Levitin et al.
    Precise hydrogen-bond stabilization of the neck linker docking onto the catalytic motor domain, is crucial for motor activity and intracellular functions of the bi-directional mitotic kinesin-5 Cin8.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Sterically confined rearrangements of SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein control cell invasion

    Esteban Dodero-Rojas et al.
    SARS-CoV-2 entry mechanism through membrane fusion is regulated by the spike protein glycosylation state.

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