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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics
    Medaka illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The untapped potential of medaka and its wild relatives

    Leon Hilgers, Julia Schwarzer
    Studies of medaka and other ricefishes in the wild could provide insights in fields such as evolutionary biology, development and cancer research.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    Baboon illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies

    Julia Fischer et al.
    Wild baboons are an excellent model to study complex evolutionary processes such as speciation and hybridization, as well as the links between sociality, longevity and reproductive success.
  1. Point of View: How should novelty be valued in science?

    Barak A Cohen
    An over-emphasis on novelty is having detrimental effects on science.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Point of View: Tuberculosis innovations mean little if they cannot save lives

    Madhukar Pai, Jennifer Furin
    Ending the TB epidemic requires scaling up access to new TB tools so that they can benefit the patients in low- and middle-income countries that need them the most.
    1. Plant Biology

    Drought Stress: Into the fourth dimension

    David L Des Marais
    The influence of time on the drought response of Brassica rapa, an agriculturally important species of plant, has been clarified.
    Insight
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    1. Ecology
    Drosophila illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The secret lives of Drosophila flies

    Therese Ann Markow
    After decades of intensive research, D. melanogaster and its relatives could provide important tools for investigating future biological questions about human health and environmental change, but only if we better understand their natural history.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    Mouse illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Insights into mammalian biology from the wild house mouse Mus musculus

    Megan Phifer-Rixey, Michael W Nachman
    Studies of the house mouse Mus musculus have provided important insights into mammalian biology, and efforts to study wild house mice and to create new inbred strains from wild populations have the potential to increase its usefulness as a model system.
    1. Medicine

    Research: Adequate statistical power in clinical trials is associated with the combination of a male first author and a female last author

    Willem M Otte et al.
    An analysis of 31,873 clinical trials shows that adequate statistical power was most often present in trials with a male first author and a female last author.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Cancer Therapeutics: Partial loss of genes might open therapeutic window

    Bo Liu, Omar Abdel-Wahab
    The loss of genes that encode RNA splicing factors weakens cancer cells in a way that could be exploited by new approaches to treatment.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Ecology
    E. coli illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The unexhausted potential of E. coli

    Zachary D Blount
    A better understanding of the remarkable diversity, natural history and complex ecology of E. coli in the wild could shed new light on its biology and role in disease, and further expand its many uses as a model organism.