717 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Expandable and reversible copy number amplification drives rapid adaptation to antifungal drugs

    Robert T Todd, Anna Selmecki
    Novel segmental chromosome amplifications in Candida albicans provide rapid adaptation to the most widely used antifungal drugs.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Evolved bacterial resistance against fluoropyrimidines can lower chemotherapy impact in the Caenorhabditis elegans host

    Brittany Rosener et al.
    Bacterial evolutionary adaptation to two chemotherapy drugs can lead to changes in bacterial metabolism and impact drug toxicity in a worm host.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Predictable properties of fitness landscapes induced by adaptational tradeoffs

    Suman G Das et al.
    Adaptational tradeoffs constrain the evolutionary pathways towards antimicrobial resistance, but highly fit mutants are nevertheless likely to arise at any concentration of the drug.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionary stability of collateral sensitivity to antibiotics in the model pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    Camilo Barbosa et al.
    Evolutionary trade-offs enhance efficacy of antibiotic therapy by constraining bacterial adaptation in dependence of drug order and trade-off effect size.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Resistance to different anthracycline chemotherapeutics elicits distinct and actionable primary metabolic dependencies in breast cancer

    Shawn McGuirk et al.
    Breast cancer resistant to either doxorubicin or epirubicin relies on distinct primary metabolic processes, which can be targeted to reduce cancer progression.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Adaptation to mutational inactivation of an essential gene converges to an accessible suboptimal fitness peak

    João V Rodrigues, Eugene I Shakhnovich
    When an essential metabolic gene in E. coli is mutationally inactivated, subsequent evolution rarely reverts the mutation to wild type but rather follows unexpected paths that rewire metabolic fluxes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Price equation captures the role of drug interactions and collateral effects in the evolution of multidrug resistance

    Erida Gjini, Kevin B Wood
    A simple mathematical model reveals that antibiotic interactions and collateral effects of evolution are inseparable drivers of multidrug resistance linked by the well-known Price equation from evolutionary theory.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Ionic selectivity and thermal adaptations within the voltage-gated sodium channel family of alkaliphilic Bacillus

    Paul G DeCaen et al.
    Not all members of the bacteria sodium channel family are sodium channels - those found in Bacillus are highly adaptable and can be converted into many selectivity types.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The evolution of drug resistance in clinical isolates of Candida albicans

    Christopher B Ford et al.
    Loss-of-heterozygosity mutations, but not aneuploidies, are linked to the evolution of drug resistance in Candida albicans isolated from immunocompromised patients.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    In-host population dynamics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex during active disease

    Roger Vargas et al.
    Bulk whole genome sequencing data can be used to study the genetic variation present in pathogenic bacterial populations over the time-course of a single infection within a host.

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