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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasticity of Escherichia coli cell wall metabolism promotes fitness and antibiotic resistance across environmental conditions

    Elizabeth A Mueller et al.
    Environmental specialization of bacterial cell wall synthases influences intrinsic resistance to cell wall active antibiotics.
    1. Neuroscience

    Polyglycerol-opioid conjugate produces analgesia devoid of side effects

    Sara González-Rodríguez et al.
    A novel opioid formulation producing analgesia similar to conventional opioids without permeation of blood-brain or intestinal barriers, thus precluding sedation, constipation and respiratory depression.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The CDK-PLK1 axis targets the DNA damage checkpoint sensor protein RAD9 to promote cell proliferation and tolerance to genotoxic stress

    Takeshi Wakida et al.
    Minimizing anti-proliferation signaling from DNA damage detection machinery is the tactic for the cells to drive proliferation under genotoxic environment, and the function is exerted by Polo-Like-Kinase1 that is frequently over-expressed in cancer cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanism of pharmacochaperoning in a mammalian KATP channel revealed by cryo-EM

    Gregory M Martin et al.
    Diverse KATP channel inhibitors occupy a common binding pocket and stabilize an interaction between Kir6.2 and SUR1 to allosterically control gating and promote the assembly and trafficking of nascent channels.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A cytoplasmic peptidoglycan amidase homologue controls mycobacterial cell wall synthesis

    Cara C Boutte et al.
    Cell wall biosynthesis in mycobacteria is regulated by an unusual post-translational regulatory system that contributes to antibiotic tolerance during stress.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    MS-275, a class 1 histone deacetylase inhibitor augments glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonism to improve glycemic control and reduce obesity in diet-induced obese mice

    Shilpak Bele et al.
    Class 1 histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor MS-275 enhances the efficacy of glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) therapy for glycemic control and reduction of obesity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A phenotypic screening platform utilising human spermatozoa identifies compounds with contraceptive activity

    Franz S Gruber et al.
    A high-throughput phenotypic human sperm screening platform was developed which allows for major drug discovery programmes for male contraception.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cellular tolerance at the µ-opioid receptor is phosphorylation dependent

    Seksiri Arttamangkul et al.
    The role of C-terminal phosphorylation is critical for the expression of acute desensitization, trafficking and long-term tolerance to morphine.
    1. Neuroscience

    CB1-receptor-mediated inhibitory LTD triggers presynaptic remodeling via protein synthesis and ubiquitination

    Hannah R Monday et al.
    CB1-receptor-mediated inhibitory long-term depression (LTD) relies on both protein synthesis and ubiquitination to elicit structural changes that underlie long-term reduction of GABA release.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Kasugamycin potentiates rifampicin and limits emergence of resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis by specifically decreasing mycobacterial mistranslation

    Swarnava Chaudhuri et al.
    Kasugamycin potentiates rifampicin killing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by targeting adaptive mistranslation.