2,657 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Reduction of elevated proton leak rejuvenates mitochondria in the aged cardiomyocyte

    Huiliang Zhang et al.
    The primary respiratory defect seen in aged cardiomyocytes is an elevated proton leak mediated by ANT1, and this is prevented by treatment with SS-31 (elamipretide).
    1. Neuroscience

    TrpML-mediated astrocyte microdomain Ca2+ transients regulate astrocyte–tracheal interactions

    Zhiguo Ma, Marc R Freeman
    Astrocyte microdomain calcium transients are mediated by TrpML, stimulated by ROS and tyramine, and mediate astrocyte–tracheal interactions in CNS gas exchange.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Telomerase biogenesis requires a novel Mex67 function and a cytoplasmic association with the Sm7 complex

    Yulia Vasianovich et al.
    A new tool that allows specific subpopulations of telomerase RNAs in vivo forces a thorough revision of the telomerase maturation pathway and suggests a new function for Mex67.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Peripheral natural killer cells in chronic hepatitis B patients display multiple molecular features of T cell exhaustion

    Marie Marotel et al.
    Similar to T cell exhaustion, natural killer cell dysfunction in chronic hepatitis B patients results from deregulated calcium pathway.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dysregulation of sonic hedgehog signaling causes hearing loss in ciliopathy mouse models

    Kyeong-Hye Moon et al.
    Developmental defects of the cochlea caused by dysregulation of sonic hedgehog signaling are the potential etiology for hearing loss in a group of ciliopathies with defective ciliogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Cytoplasmic sharing through apical membrane remodeling

    Nora G Peterson et al.
    Apical membrane remodeling in a resorptive Drosophila epithelium generates a shared multinuclear cytoplasm.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Transparent soil microcosms for live-cell imaging and non-destructive stable isotope probing of soil microorganisms

    Kriti Sharma et al.
    Two optically transparent substrates enable the exploration of the ecophysiology and spatiotemporal organization and activities of bacteria and fungi within heterogeneous soil-like environments.
    1. Cancer Biology

    The identification of dual protective agents against cisplatin-induced oto- and nephrotoxicity using the zebrafish model

    Jaime N Wertman et al.
    L-mimosine and dopamine protect against cisplatin-induced oto- and nephrotoxicity in zebrafish and human cell line models.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A common 1.6 mb Y-chromosomal inversion predisposes to subsequent deletions and severe spermatogenic failure in humans

    Pille Hallast et al.
    In addition to its academic merits, characterizing the genetic determinants of male (in)fertility and identifying clinically actionable genetic variants can lead to improved diagnosis or even treatment of such conditions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Convalescent COVID-19 patients are susceptible to endothelial dysfunction due to persistent immune activation

    Florence WJ Chioh et al.
    COVID-19 survivors, who are at risk for vascular complications, would benefit from close monitoring and preventive therapy.

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