7,002 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Spike D614G mutation increases SARS-CoV-2 infection of multiple human cell types

    Zharko Daniloski et al.
    A pervasive mutation in the Spike protein of the coronavirus that causes COVID-19 results in virions that are up to eightfold more infectious.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Within-host evolutionary dynamics of seasonal and pandemic human influenza A viruses in young children

    Alvin X Han et al.
    The longer duration of seasonal influenza virus infection in young children may provide opportunities for within-host evolution as a result of maintenance of genetic diversity through mutation-selection balance.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A single mutation in Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus discovered in ticks impairs infectivity in human cells

    Brian L Hua et al.
    Tick-derived sequence variation in the fusion glycoprotein of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV) drastically impairs infection of mammalian cells, suggesting that certain CCHFV strains undergo purifying selection in mammalian hosts.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Role of direct and indirect social and spatial ties in the diffusion of HIV and HCV among people who inject drugs: a cross-sectional community-based network analysis in New Delhi, India

    Steven J Clipman et al.
    Beyond well-recognized individual-level risk factors, HIV and hepatitis C transmission among people who inject drugs are further impacted by social and spatial network composition, and spaces in particular may represent efficient means for disseminating interventions that diffuse through the network.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Programmed knockout mutation of liver fluke granulin attenuates virulence of infection-induced hepatobiliary morbidity

    Patpicha Arunsan et al.
    Gene knockout of liver fluke granulin by CRISPR/Cas9 attenuates the virulence of infection with a carcinogenic liver fluke.
    1. Cell Biology

    The nucleolar protein NIFK promotes cancer progression via CK1α/β-catenin in metastasis and Ki-67-dependent cell proliferation

    Tsung-Chieh Lin et al.
    NIFK promotes lung cancer metastasis via Runx1-dependent repression of CK1α, which activates TCF4/β-catenin signaling.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    USP49 potently stabilizes APOBEC3G protein by removing ubiquitin and inhibits HIV-1 replication

    Ting Pan et al.
    USP49 can increase A3G protein expression and enhance its anti-HIV-1 activity, which is also correlated with hypermutations and affects the HIV-1 latent reservoir.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sex-based differences in clearance of chronic Plasmodium falciparum infection

    Jessica Briggs et al.
    Lower malaria prevalence in females does not appear to be due to lower rates of infection but rather due to faster clearance of asymptomatic infections.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of HIV co-infection on the evolution and transmission of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis

    Vegard Eldholm et al.
    HIV co-infection does not affect Mycobacterium tuberculosis mutation rates and does not drive the emergence of antimicrobial resistance within patients in the largest outbreak of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Latin America to date.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Adaptive tuning of mutation rates allows fast response to lethal stress in Escherichia coli

    Toon Swings et al.
    Population mutation rates are highly flexible and evolvable under extreme stress conditions, matching changes in selective pressure to avoid extinction of the entire population.

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