18 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Species-wide whole genome sequencing reveals historical global spread and recent local persistence in Shigella flexneri

    Thomas R Connor et al.
    Shigella flexneri, globally the most frequent cause of bacterial dysentery, is far more diverse, and has caused disease around the world for far longer than other Shigella species by persisting in local environments over extended timescales.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional limb muscle innervation prior to cholinergic transmitter specification during early metamorphosis in Xenopus

    Francois M Lambert et al.
    Molecular labeling, electrophysiology and calcium imaging have revealed a novel switching of neurotransmitter at the frog neuromuscular junction where motoneurons transiently release glutamate before acetylcholine at synapses on developing hindlimb muscles at the onset of metamorphosis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A novel perivascular cell population in the zebrafish brain

    Marina Venero Galanternik et al.
    A new brain perivascular cell type in the zebrafish related to mammalian Fluorescent Granular Perithelial (FGP) cells emerges directly from endothelium during early development.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    A high-resolution morphological and ultrastructural map of anterior sensory cilia and glia in Caenorhabditis elegans

    David B Doroquez et al.
    The three-dimensional structures of 50 sensory cilia present in the head of the adult C. elegans hermaphrodite have been reconstructed to provide a foundation for investigations into the mechanisms by which the diversity of cilia structures is generated and how this structural diversity is related to specific sensory neuron functions.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Conditional deletion of WT1 in the septum transversum mesenchyme causes congenital diaphragmatic hernia in mice

    Rita Carmona et al.
    Expression of the transcription factor Wt1 is required in a lateral mesoderm domain to develop the mesenchymal population required for the closure of the pleural cavities and the formation of the diaphragm.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The p38 MAP kinase pathway modulates the hypoxia response and glutamate receptor trafficking in aging neurons

    Eun Chan Park, Christopher Rongo
    The subcellular localization of the prolyl hydroxylase oxygen sensor in C. elegans neurons is regulated by p38 MAP kinase signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Angiopoietin receptor Tie2 is required for vein specification and maintenance via regulating COUP-TFII

    Man Chu et al.
    Analyses with genetically engineered mouse models in combination with biochemical approaches reveal a crucial role of the receptor tyrosine kinase Tie2 mediated signals in venogenesis via an Akt mediated regulation of COUP-TFII protein stabilization.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Dynamics of venom composition across a complex life cycle

    Yaara Y Columbus-Shenkar et al.
    Different developmental stages of a venomous animal (e.g. Nematostella vectensis) with a complex life cycle produce vastly different venoms that can serve in different antagonistic interactions with other species.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Mouse embryonic stem cells can differentiate via multiple paths to the same state

    James Alexander Briggs et al.
    Single cell RNA sequencing reveals that mouse embryonic stem cells can be differentiated into the same terminal motor neuron state via distinct differentiation paths, one of which includes a surprising intermediate state not found in embryos.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Kinesin superfamily protein Kif26b links Wnt5a-Ror signaling to the control of cell and tissue behaviors in vertebrates

    Michael W Susman et al.
    Kif26b, a new component of the evolutionarily conserved Wnt5a-Ror signaling pathway, is controlled by regulated proteolysis and plays crucial roles in mediating vertebrate embryonic tissue morphogenesis.

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