136 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Insulin signaling controls neurotransmission via the 4eBP-dependent modification of the exocytotic machinery

    Rebekah Elizabeth Mahoney et al.
    By regulating protein translation within the neuron, insulin signaling can control neuronal activity by altering the release of neurotransmitter molecules.
    1. Developmental Biology

    An oxygen-insensitive Hif-3α isoform inhibits Wnt signaling by destabilizing the nuclear β-catenin complex

    Peng Zhang et al.
    Hif/Hif-3α has two distinct roles in cells: activating HRE-dependent gene expression and binding to β-catenin to destabilize the nuclear β-catenin complex.
    1. Neuroscience

    Translational control of auditory imprinting and structural plasticity by eIF2α

    Gervasio Batista et al.
    Behavioral pharmacology and molecular biology reveal a translational control mechanism underlying auditory imprinting and structural plasticity that can be pharmacologically manipulated to reopen the critical period.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structures of translationally inactive mammalian ribosomes

    Alan Brown et al.
    Mining electron cryomicroscopy data reveals new ribosomal interactions that preclude translation to potentially regulate gene expression.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Tunable protein synthesis by transcript isoforms in human cells

    Stephen N Floor, Jennifer A Doudna
    Measurements of transcript isoform specific translation across the human genome reveal that isoforms from the same gene can differ in protein production by two orders of magnitude.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Temporal profiling of redox-dependent heterogeneity in single cells

    Meytal Radzinski et al.
    Analysis of aging yeast cells using the in-vivo roGFP2-based probe reveals redox-dependent heterogeneity, reflected in a bi-modal distribution of the oxidation status, differential growth and replication, as well as distinct proteomic and transcriptomic profiles.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    LARP1 functions as a molecular switch for mTORC1-mediated translation of an essential class of mRNAs

    Sungki Hong et al.
    LARP1 turns off and on the translation of an essential class of mRNAs by acting as a key effecter and regulator for mTORC1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Extensive cargo identification reveals distinct biological roles of the 12 importin pathways

    Makoto Kimura et al.
    Transport-based high-throughput identification of cargo proteins specific to all 12 human importin-β family nuclear import receptors revealed biological processes that the cargo cohorts of each receptor are involved in.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Coupling between the DEAD-box RNA helicases Ded1p and eIF4A

    Zhaofeng Gao et al.
    Ded1p and eIF4A, two RNA helicases that function in eukaryotic translation initiation, interact physically with each other and with the scaffolding protein eIF4G.

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