2,152 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Witnessing the structural evolution of an RNA enzyme

    Xavier Portillo et al.
    An RNA enzyme is caught in the act of evolving a new structural domain within its active site, resulting in enhanced catalytic function.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Environmental fluctuations reshape an unexpected diversity-disturbance relationship in a microbial community

    Christopher P Mancuso et al.
    Laboratory experiments using a microbial community and mathematical modeling reveal how environmental disturbances can predictably alter the diversity and composition of an ecosystem.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A universal pocket in fatty acyl-AMP ligases ensures redirection of fatty acid pool away from coenzyme A-based activation

    Gajanan S Patil et al.
    The structural basis of how an enzyme differentiates chemically identical molecules unlike its homolog to channel fatty acids towards secondary metabolism is elucidated.
    1. Neuroscience

    Task-specific roles of local interneurons for inter- and intraglomerular signaling in the insect antennal lobe

    Debora Fusca, Peter Kloppenburg
    In the antennal lobe of insects, nonspiking local interneurons play a crucial role in intraglomerular signaling.
  1. Research Culture: Creating SPACE to evolve academic assessment

    Ruth Schmidt et al.
    The San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA) has developed a new tool called SPACE to support universities and institutions working to improve the assessment of research.
    1. Neuroscience

    A unified platform to manage, share, and archive morphological and functional data in insect neuroscience

    Stanley Heinze et al.
    The InsectBrain Database is a novel, freely available software tool designed to accelerate research in the field of insect neuroscience and to improve implementation of open data concepts.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Physiology and ecology combine to determine host and vector importance for Ross River virus

    Morgan P Kain et al.
    The role host and vector species play in pathogen transmission cycles is best quantified by integrating species' physiological and ecological competence.
    1. Ecology

    Widespread variation in heat tolerance and symbiont load are associated with growth tradeoffs in the coral Acropora hyacinthus in Palau

    Brendan Cornwell et al.
    Bleaching-resistant corals are widespread across Palau and concentrated in warmer regions, but this trait is associated with decreased growth which could lead to reduced fitness if it is the only priority of conservation efforts.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cytosolic aggregation of mitochondrial proteins disrupts cellular homeostasis by stimulating the aggregation of other proteins

    Urszula Nowicka et al.
    Defective mitochondrial protein import results in protein aggregation and a specific chaperone response in the cytosol, causatively linking mitochondrial function and cellular protein homeostasis disturbances observed in neurodegeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Heterogeneous side effects of cortical inactivation in behaving animals

    Ariana R Andrei et al.
    Focal optogenetic inactivation of cortex induces complex changes in neural responses outside the targeted area that can influence behavioral performance.

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