8,083 results found
    1. Ecology

    The return to water in ancestral Xenopus was accompanied by a novel mechanism for producing and shaping vocal signals

    Ursula Kwong-Brown et al.
    When ancestral Xenopus returned to water ~170mya, they evolved a new method for producing courtship calls underwater without airflow, using vibrations that also preserve essential acoustic information on species identity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Low wnt/β-catenin signaling determines leaky vessels in the subfornical organ and affects water homeostasis in mice

    Fabienne Benz et al.
    Endothelial tightening by augmenting low level Wnt/β-catenin activity in vessels of the mouse subfornical organ, influences neuronal activation in water-deprived mice, linking endothelial barrier properties to neuro-vascular coupling.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of the scale-up of piped water on urogenital schistosomiasis infection in rural South Africa

    Frank Tanser et al.
    Scale-up of safe water supplies decreases a child's risk of urogenital schistosomiasis infection by eight-fold in a typical rural African population.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Eater cooperates with Multiplexin to drive the formation of hematopoietic compartments

    Gábor Csordás et al.
    The mutual interaction between the basement membrane protein Multiplexin and the phagocytosis receptor Eater expressed by the immune cells drives the formation and maintenance of the hematopoietic tissues in Drosophila.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of community piped water coverage on re-infection with urogenital schistosomiasis in rural South Africa

    Polycarp Mogeni et al.
    Scale-up of piped water coverage in the local community strongly protects against S. haematobium re-infection intensity among primary school-going children following treatment with praziquantel.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Effects of water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions on telomere length among children in a cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh

    Audrie Lin et al.
    In a randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh, an intensive, combined water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutrition intervention delivered to compounds of newborn children increased telomere length attrition during their first year of life.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Determining the scale at which variation in a single gene changes population yields

    Erica McGale et al.
    Variation in the gene NaMPK4 in plant populations increases reproductive yield, an effect which appears to be independent of soil water availability, neighbor-scale interactions and associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Protein denaturation at the air-water interface and how to prevent it

    Edoardo D'Imprima et al.
    Hydrophilized graphene prevents protein denaturation at the air-water interface.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tagging motor memories with transcranial direct current stimulation allows later artificially-controlled retrieval

    Daichi Nozaki et al.
    Noninvasive brain stimulation can artificially tag and retrieve human motor memories by altering the background activity patterns of the sensorimotor cortex.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Water-mediated recognition of t1-adenosine anchors Argonaute2 to microRNA targets

    Nicole T Schirle et al.
    Argonaute proteins directly contact adenosine nucleotides in some miRNA target sites, leading to enhanced repression of the target mRNA.

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