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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Retinal oxygen supply shaped the functional evolution of the vertebrate eye

    Christian Damsgaard et al.
    Multiple respiratory and vascular mechanisms have recurrently evolved across the vertebrates to alleviate the oxygen diffusion limitations inherent to the morphology of the retina.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Multifactorial processes underlie parallel opsin loss in neotropical bats

    Alexa Sadier et al.
    Parallel losses of short-wave light sensitivity in diverse bats occurred through independent changes at multiple steps in the conversion of genotype into functional phenotype, including pre-, during, and post-transcription.
    1. Neuroscience

    Vocal and locomotor coordination develops in association with the autonomic nervous system

    Morgan L Gustison et al.
    Marmoset monkeys develop their vocal behavior prior to their postural and locomotor skills, but the coordination of these two motor systems emerges gradually via changes in arousal level.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stretching the skin immediately enhances perceived stiffness and gradually enhances the predictive control of grip force

    Mor Farajian et al.
    Elucidating the contribution of augmented artificial skin-stretch stimulation to the fingertips to the immediate illusion of a higher stiffness and to an increased predictive grip force control.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Subterranean mammals show convergent regression in ocular genes and enhancers, along with adaptation to tunneling

    Raghavendran Partha et al.
    Repeated evolution of eye regression in subterranean mammals helps identify genes and regulatory elements involved in visual perception and development of the eye, and predicts candidate sequences with a potential role in ocular disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spatiotemporal interplay between multisensory excitation and recruited inhibition in the lamprey optic tectum

    Andreas A Kardamakis et al.
    Signals conveyed from two different senses from a given point in space converge onto the same neurons of the optic tectum that trigger the gaze-control-system, and at the same time inhibit other parts of the tectal motor map.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuronal junctophilins recruit specific CaV and RyR isoforms to ER-PM junctions and functionally alter CaV2.1 and CaV2.2

    Stefano Perni, Kurt Beam
    Neuronal junctophilins 3 and 4 similarly recruit and functionally modify P/Q and N-type calcium channels, but differentially recruit the three ryanodine receptor isoforms to endoplasmic reticulum-plasma membrane junctions.
    1. Ecology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Ant collective cognition allows for efficient navigation through disordered environments

    Aviram Gelblum et al.
    When real ants confront the classical 'Ant-in-a-labyrinth' physics problem where a random walker traverses a percolated environment, they employ active extended sensing and collective cognition to outperform passive physical solutions.
  1. May 2015

    Episode 20: May 2015

    In this episode we hear about echolocation, bacteriophages, babies and pain, a neural code for food abundance, and how zebrafish can make their own sunscreen.