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    1. Plant Biology

    The Arabidopsis V-ATPase is localized to the TGN/EE via a seed plant-specific motif

    Upendo Lupanga et al.
    Analysis of the Arabidopsis V-ATPase reveals convergent evolution of differential targeting as well as redundancy of the endosomal and vacuolar isoforms during vegetative development.
    1. Plant Biology

    A fungal member of the Arabidopsis thaliana phyllosphere antagonizes Albugo laibachii via a GH25 lysozyme

    Katharina Eitzen et al.
    A basidiomycete yeast closely related to fungal smuts is an antagonistic microbe in the Arabidopsis leaf phyllosphere that inhibits infection by Albugo laibachii via a GH25 hydrolase with lysozyme activity.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Insight into the evolution of microbial metabolism from the deep-branching bacterium, Thermovibrio ammonificans

    Donato Giovannelli et al.
    The genome of Thermovibrio ammonificans encodes ancestral pathways (e.g., hydrogen oxidation) and more recently acquired ones (e.g., nitrate reduction) and a hybrid pathway for CO2 fixation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Stretching of the retinal pigment epithelium contributes to zebrafish optic cup morphogenesis

    Tania Moreno-Mármol et al.
    Retinal pigment epithelium flattening is an efficient solution adopted by the fast-developing zebrafish to enable folding of the eye primordia, which contrasts with the proliferation-based mechanism used by amniotes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    In-silico analysis of myeloid cells across the animal kingdom reveals neutrophil evolution by colony-stimulating factors

    Damilola Pinheiro et al.
    In-silico modeling of gene and protein emergence reveals how colony-stimulating factors contributed to the evolution and functional adaptions observed in mammalian neutrophils.
    1. Ecology

    A fitness trade-off between seasons causes multigenerational cycles in phenotype and population size

    Gustavo S Betini et al.
    Seasonal variation in resources causes opposing episodes of selection on body size, which interact with density dependence to influence population dynamics.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Collagen IV and basement membrane at the evolutionary dawn of metazoan tissues

    Aaron L Fidler et al.
    Collagen IV is a primordial extracellular matrix component associated with the transition to animal multicellularity, and enabled the formation and evolution of epithelial tissues.
    1. Developmental Biology

    TALE factors use two distinct functional modes to control an essential zebrafish gene expression program

    Franck Ladam et al.
    TALE transcription factors bind different genomic motifs and function together with different protein partners at different stages of zebrafish embryogenesis.
    1. Ecology

    Echolocating toothed whales use ultra-fast echo-kinetic responses to track evasive prey

    Heather Vance et al.
    Echolocating toothed whales can detect and react to sudden prey movements during close approaches with speeds similar to ultra-fast tracking responses in human vision.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Origin of the mechanism of phenotypic plasticity in satyrid butterfly eyespots

    Shivam Bhardwaj et al.
    A gradual, step-wise, physiological/molecular response of eyespot size to temperature is a likely adaptation to seasonal variation experienced in the habitat of Bicyclusanynana butterflies.