4,325 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genome-wide identification of lineage and locus specific variation associated with pneumococcal carriage duration

    John A Lees et al.
    Sequence changes in the pneumococcal genome explain most of the variability in duration of asymptomatic carriage with serotype, antibiotic resistance and prophage accounting for the largest effects.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    The mammalian lectin galectin-8 induces RANKL expression, osteoclastogenesis, and bone mass reduction in mice

    Yaron Vinik et al.
    The secreted sugar-binding protein galectin-8 causes osteoblasts to secrete factors that promote the differentiation of bone marrow cells into osteoclasts; targeting this protein could therefore potentially help treat diseases associated with excessive bone loss.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural pattern change during encoding of a narrative predicts retrospective duration estimates

    Olga Lositsky et al.
    Judgments of how much time elapsed between two events in a story are predicted by changes in fMRI activity patterns.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal dynamics explain duration judgments

    Thiago S Gouvêa et al.
    Neurons in the rat striatum respond preferentially to long or short time intervals, enabling the animal to track the passage of time.
    1. Neuroscience

    Perception of social interaction compresses subjective duration in an oxytocin-dependent manner

    Rui Liu et al.
    The subjective time of social interactions reflects one's autistic-like tendency and is critically mediated by oxytocin, indicating that time perception is ingrained with personality traits, which likely have neuroendocrine origins as per previous research.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Encounter complexes and dimensionality reduction in protein–protein association

    Dima Kozakov et al.
    Analysis of protein–protein encounter complexes shows that proteins associate along preferred pathways, similar to the sliding of a protein along DNA.

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