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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    MS-275, a class 1 histone deacetylase inhibitor augments glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonism to improve glycemic control and reduce obesity in diet-induced obese mice

    Shilpak Bele et al.
    Class 1 histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor MS-275 enhances the efficacy of glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP-1R) therapy for glycemic control and reduction of obesity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal dynamics explain duration judgments

    Thiago S Gouvêa et al.
    Neurons in the rat striatum respond preferentially to long or short time intervals, enabling the animal to track the passage of time.
    1. Neuroscience

    Different methods of fear reduction are supported by distinct cortical substrates

    Belinda PP Lay et al.
    Extinction and overexpectation lead to the same behavioural outcome, that is, reduction in learned fear, but engage different cortical areas.
  1. Research Culture: Framework for advancing rigorous research

    Walter J Koroshetz et al.
    Establishing a community of 'rigor champions' and building a comprehensive educational platform to teach the principles of rigorous science will help to ensure that the outputs of scientific research remain reliable and robust.
    1. Neuroscience

    Effects of dopamine on reinforcement learning and consolidation in Parkinson’s disease

    John P Grogan et al.
    Memory over 24 hours was impaired in Parkinson's patients off, rather than on, dopaminergic medication during reinforcement learning, whereas dopamine did not affect positive and negative reinforcement, in contrast to previous studies.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Polygenic Scores: It is time to get real when trying to predict educational performance

    Cecile Janssens
    A study of 3,500 children in the UK shows that data on socioeconomic background and previous educational achievements can better predict how students will perform at school than genetic data.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Damage to the right insula disrupts the perception of affective touch

    Louise P Kirsch et al.
    Lesion analyses in right hemisphere stroke patients reveal the crucial role of the right anterior and posterior insula in the perception of affective touch.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A transmission-virulence evolutionary trade-off explains attenuation of HIV-1 in Uganda

    François Blanquart et al.
    Analysis of epidemiological data reveals that viral loads in newly HIV-1 infected individuals in Uganda have declined for two decades, and evolutionary modelling shows that attenuation of the virus explains this decline.
    1. Neuroscience

    Altered functional connectivity during speech perception in congenital amusia

    Kyle Jasmin et al.
    Individuals with amusia, who have unreliable pitch processing, show decreased functional connectivity between right auditory and left language-related cortex during speech perception, demonstrating a neural basis for compensatory dimensional weighting.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Quantitative time-resolved analysis reveals intricate, differential regulation of standard- and immuno-proteasomes

    Juliane Liepe et al.
    Experimental and computational analyses reveal how proteasomal hydrolysis is regulated and show that peptide transport is the rate-limiting step and the main differentiating factor between human standard- and immuno-proteasomes.