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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Fibronectin is a smart adhesive that both influences and responds to the mechanics of early spinal column development

    Emilie Guillon et al.
    A fibronectin matrix constantly remodels to the area of highest mechanical stress, and the resulting fibronectin-mediated inter-tissue adhesion impedes neural tube convergence.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The membrane periodic skeleton is an actomyosin network that regulates axonal diameter and conduction

    Ana Rita Costa et al.
    The axonal cytoskeletal contains an actomyosin-II network that controls circumferential axonal contraction and expansion with the potential of regulating fluctuations in diameter during action potential firing, trafficking, and degeneration.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A branched heterochronic pathway directs juvenile-to-adult transition through two LIN-29 isoforms

    Chiara Azzi et al.
    Distinct regulation endows two isoforms of the transcription factor LIN-29 with distinct functions to achieve coordinated execution of separate juvenile-to-adult transition events in Caenorhabditis elegans..
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Measuring the distribution of fitness effects in somatic evolution by combining clonal dynamics with dN/dS ratios

    Marc J Williams et al.
    Measurement of the distribution of fitness effects of new mutations arising in human oesophagus and skin, via new mathematical theory linking dn/ds values and fitness coefficients.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prediction signals in the cerebellum: beyond supervised motor learning

    Court Hull
    Emerging evidence suggests a broad role for cerebellar circuits in generating and testing predictions about movement, reward, and diverse cognitive processes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of slit3 as a locus affecting nicotine preference in zebrafish and human smoking behaviour

    Judit García-González et al.
    Zebrafish studies are able to predict loci and biological pathways affecting human behaviour, paving the way to better understanding of the biological underpinnings of psychiatric disease.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global genome diversity of the Leishmania donovani complex

    Susanne U Franssen et al.
    Genomic data for the parasites that cause visceral leishmaniasis provides the first global picture of the diversity and evolution of the pathogen and the epidemiology of this fatal tropical disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Saccade suppression depends on context

    Eckart Zimmermann
    The ability to smoothly perceive the environment across saccades without disturbing retinal motion sensations is generated by eye movement contingent habituation.
    1. Plant Biology

    A roadmap for gene functional characterisation in crops with large genomes: Lessons from polyploid wheat

    Nikolai M Adamski et al.
    The development of genomic tools and publicly available resources in polyploid wheat provides a framework to understand biologically important traits in crops with large genomes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    The transpeptidase PBP2 governs initial localization and activity of the major cell-wall synthesis machinery in E. coli

    Gizem Özbaykal et al.
    For initiation of cell-wall insertion, the cross-linking enzyme PBP2 stably binds to a component of the cell envelope that is different from MreB filaments.