9,323 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A resource-rational theory of set size effects in human visual working memory

    Ronald van den Berg, Wei Ji Ma
    Set size effects in visual working memory are explained as a resource-rational trade-off between an error-based behavioral cost and a neural encoding cost.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Intergenerational effects of early adversity on survival in wild baboons

    Matthew N Zipple et al.
    In wild baboons, a female's adverse early experiences can influence her offspring's survival years after the original adversity was experienced.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Fitness effects of altering gene expression noise in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    Fabien Duveau et al.
    The impact of changing gene expression noise on fitness reveals beneficial or deleterious effects in a stable environment depending how close the average expression level is to the fitness optimum.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Multivariable two-sample Mendelian randomization estimates of the effects of intelligence and education on health

    Neil Martin Davies et al.
    Many of the effects of intelligence on health and social outcomes later in life are mediated via education.
    1. Ecology

    Parental effects alter the adaptive value of an adult behavioural trait

    Rebecca M Kilner et al.
    The adaptive value of social behaviour exhibited in adult life varies with conditions experienced in early life, and poorer conditions may promote conflict over cooperation.
    1. Ecology

    Biodiversity mediates the effects of stressors but not nutrients on litter decomposition

    Léa Beaumelle et al.
    The consequences of real-world biodiversity change for ecosystem functioning depend on the type of global change driver and can be particularly significant when human activities decrease biodiversity.
  1. Meta-Research: Questionable research practices may have little effect on replicability

    Rolf Ulrich, Jeff Miller
    Although questionable research practices inflate false positive rates, they have little effect on replicability because they also increase power.
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mucosal effects of tenofovir 1% gel

    Florian Hladik et al.
    Mucosal application of the anti-retroviral drug tenofovir, which is intended to prevent HIV transmission, has many off-target effects on the mucosa itself.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Pre-transition effects mediate forces of assembly between transmembrane proteins

    Shachi Katira et al.
    A general mechanism for how powerful forces of assembly and protein mobility can emerge from phase transitions is established.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Smchd1 is a maternal effect gene required for genomic imprinting

    Iromi Wanigasuriya et al.
    Imprinted gene expression is set up during a critical window of early embryonic development, by the translation of parental imprints by oocyte-supplied Smchd1 into allele-specific gene silencing.

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