861 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Measuring ligand efficacy at the mu-opioid receptor using a conformational biosensor

    Kathryn E Livingston et al.
    Opioid drug efficacy and allosteric modulation is measured using an active state sensor of the mu-opioid receptor.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Genetic epidemiology of dengue viruses in phase III trials of the CYD tetravalent dengue vaccine and implications for efficacy

    Maia A Rabaa et al.
    In large vaccine trials conducted in dengue-endemic Asia and Latin America, the CYD-TDV tetravalent dengue vaccine shows limited variation in intra-serotype efficacy in the target population for vaccination (>9 years).
    1. Cancer Biology

    Replication Study: Coadministration of a tumor-penetrating peptide enhances the efficacy of cancer drugs

    Christine Mantis et al.
    Editors' Summary: This Replication Study did not reproduce those experiments in the original paper that it attempted to reproduce.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Efficacy of β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitor combination is linked to WhiB4-mediated changes in redox physiology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Saurabh Mishra et al.
    Intrinsic tolerance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis toward the world's most successful antibacterials, β-lactams, is dependent on cytoplasmic redox potential and an intracellular redox-sensor WhiB4.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The impact of pyrethroid resistance on the efficacy and effectiveness of bednets for malaria control in Africa

    Thomas S Churcher et al.
    Mosquitoes with high levels of pyrethroid resistance reduce the ability of bednets to protect those using them and the wider community, which is predicted to substantially increase malaria cases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis induces decelerated bioenergetic metabolism in human macrophages

    Bridgette M Cumming et al.
    Quantifiable bioenergetic parameters, determined from extracellular flux analyses, are distinct between macrophages infected with Mycobacteriumtuberculosis or vaccine strain M. bovis BCG, enabling assessment of future vaccine and drug efficacy.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Co-targeting the tumor endothelium and P-selectin-expressing glioblastoma cells leads to a remarkable therapeutic outcome

    Shiran Ferber et al.
    Treatment with precision nanomedicine in combination with an anti-angiogenic peptide enhance anti-tumor efficacy while minimizing toxicities in a pre-clinical glioblastoma model, making this approach a promising and important therapeutic alternative for patients.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    A meta-analysis of threats to valid clinical inference in preclinical research of sunitinib

    Valerie C Henderson et al.
    Preclinical efficacy experiments testing sunitinib in animal cancer models display a lack of methodological rigour, with trim-and-fill analysis suggesting prominent publication bias that leads to an overestimation of treatment effect.

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