4,885 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Adaptation of olfactory receptor abundances for efficient coding

    Tiberiu Teşileanu et al.
    A model of efficient coding by olfactory neurons explains context-dependence observed in the effect of perturbations to the olfactory environment.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Efficient coding of natural scene statistics predicts discrimination thresholds for grayscale textures

    Tiberiu Tesileanu et al.
    An optimization principle allows natural-image data to predict human sensitivity to synthetic, un-natural textures with multiple gray levels.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Neural oscillations as a signature of efficient coding in the presence of synaptic delays

    Matthew Chalk et al.
    Neural oscillations are a necessary consequence of efficient coding of sensory signals by a spiking neural network, limited by synaptic delays and noise.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Population adaptation in efficient balanced networks

    Gabrielle J Gutierrez, Sophie Denève
    Neural populations may depend on balanced recurrent connectivity to produce an efficient stimulus representation while also maintaining an accurate stimulus encoding despite the variability introduced by adapting neural responses.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Bayesian and efficient observer model explains concurrent attractive and repulsive history biases in visual perception

    Matthias Fritsche et al.
    Attractive and repulsive history biases in visual perception occur simultaneously, yet over dissociable timescales, and are explained by efficient encoding and Bayesian decoding of visual information in a stable environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Surface color and predictability determine contextual modulation of V1 firing and gamma oscillations

    Alina Peter et al.
    Colored surfaces induce strong gamma-synchronization yet sparse firing in V1 when receptive field inputs are predicted from the surrounding spatial context.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Rate and timing of cortical responses driven by separate sensory channels

    Hannes P Saal et al.
    Signals from different tactile submodalities are integrated optimally to culminate in cortical responses whose rate and timing conveys stimulus information.
    1. Neuroscience

    A principle of economy predicts the functional architecture of grid cells

    Xue-Xin Wei et al.
    Mathematical modeling suggests that grid cells in the rodent brain use fundamental principles of number theory to maximize the efficiency of spatial mapping, enabling animals to accurately encode their location with as few neurons as possible.
    1. Neuroscience

    Prediction error and repetition suppression have distinct effects on neural representations of visual information

    Matthew F Tang et al.
    Multivariate analyses of human electrophysiological recordings revealed that the brain represents unexpected visual stimuli with greater fidelity than expected stimuli which arose independently of simple habituation arising from repetition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optimal compensation for neuron loss

    David GT Barrett et al.
    Spiking networks compensate the loss of neurons instantaneously, when restoration of excitatory/inhibitory balance becomes equivalent to restoration of functionality.

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