4,943 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolutionary dynamics of circular RNAs in primates

    Gabriela Santos-Rodriguez et al.
    An analysis of the genomic features that distinguish conserved from species-specific circular RNAs reveals that the expansion of the downstream intron by insertion of retrotransposons stabilizes circular RNAs' production across 30+ millions years of evolution.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Circular RNA repertoires are associated with evolutionarily young transposable elements

    Franziska Gruhl et al.
    Evolutionary analyses suggest that most mammalian circRNAs did not emerge from common ancestral circRNA precursors, arguing against widespread functional conservation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    An XRCC4 mutant mouse, a model for human X4 syndrome, reveals interplays with Xlf, PAXX, and ATM in lymphoid development

    Benoit Roch et al.
    A viable separation of function XRCC4 knock-in mutant mouse model recapitulates some aspects of XRCC4 deficiency in humans, notably the absence of immune deficiency.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TRPM7 is critical for short-term synaptic depression by regulating synaptic vesicle endocytosis

    Zhong-Jiao Jiang et al.
    Electrophysiological and live-cell imaging analyses identify a presynaptic function of Ca2+ influx via transient receptor potential melastatin 7 (TRPM7) channels.
    1. Neuroscience

    Memory recall involves a transient break in excitatory-inhibitory balance

    Renée S Koolschijn et al.
    Hippocampal activity during memory recall predicts a transient increase in the ratio between neocortical glutamate and GABA, thereby allowing otherwise dormant memories to be released.
    1. Neuroscience

    The generation of cortical novelty responses through inhibitory plasticity

    Auguste Schulz et al.
    Inhibitory synaptic plasticity provides a flexible and biologically plausible circuit mechanism to detect the novelty of bottom-up stimuli and to generate stimulus-specific adaptation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Gut bacterial aggregates as living gels

    Brandon H Schlomann, Raghuveer Parthasarathy
    A theory of gut bacterial aggregation produces a cluster size distribution that matches that of several strains observed in zebrafish, suggesting principles generally applicable to the vertebrate gut.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Human embryo polarization requires PLC signaling to mediate trophectoderm specification

    Meng Zhu et al.
    Functional analyses of in vitro fertilized, preimplanation human embryos reveal that the first lineage segregation depends on cell polarization signaling that is regulated by Phospholipase C (PLC) activity.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The LRRK2 G2019S mutation alters astrocyte-to-neuron communication via extracellular vesicles and induces neuron atrophy in a human iPSC-derived model of Parkinson’s disease

    Aurelie de Rus Jacquet et al.
    Extracellular vesicles are proposed as novel, non-cell-autonomous mediators of neuronal atrophy in Parkinson's disease.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Simplifying the development of portable, scalable, and reproducible workflows

    Stephen R Piccolo et al.
    Descriptions, examples, and tools to enable biologists to use the Common Workflow Language for data processing and to facilitate computational reproducibility.

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