1,917 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    All-trans retinoic acid induces synaptic plasticity in human cortical neurons

    Maximilian Lenz et al.
    The vitamin A derivative, all-trans retinoic acid, induces protein-synthesis-dependent synaptic plasticity in the human brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Unsupervised changes in core object recognition behavior are predicted by neural plasticity in inferior temporal cortex

    Xiaoxuan Jia et al.
    Temporal continuity-induced plasticity in individual neurons of inferior temporal cortex builds neural representations that underlie robust core object recognition behavior.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Unified pre- and postsynaptic long-term plasticity enables reliable and flexible learning

    Rui Ponte Costa et al.
    Combined pre- and postsynaptically expressed long-term plasticity of neuronal connections improves sensory discrimination, and enables rapid relearning of previously encountered information.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptic plasticity through activation of GluA3-containing AMPA-receptors

    Maria C Renner et al.
    A novel form of hippocampal synaptic plasticity is expressed by a change in channel function of GluA3-containing AMPA-receptors.
    1. Neuroscience

    GABA, not BOLD, reveals dissociable learning-dependent plasticity mechanisms in the human brain

    Polytimi Frangou et al.
    Combining GABA with fMRI measurements in the human brain uncovers distinct suppression mechanisms that optimize perceptual decisions through learning and experience-dependent plasticity in the visual cortex.
    1. Neuroscience

    The generation of cortical novelty responses through inhibitory plasticity

    Auguste Schulz et al.
    Inhibitory synaptic plasticity provides a flexible and biologically plausible circuit mechanism to detect the novelty of bottom-up stimuli and to generate stimulus-specific adaptation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Rapid diversification associated with a macroevolutionary pulse of developmental plasticity

    Vladislav Susoy et al.
    Evolutionary novelty is promoted by a macroevolutionary pulse of developmental plasticity, but is enhanced by secondary fixation, which permits developmental character release and further morphological exploration.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Toll-receptor map underlies structural brain plasticity

    Guiyi Li et al.
    Structural brain plasticity is encoded in the topographic distribution of Toll receptors and their ability to switch between alternative signalling outcomes, thus translating diverse sensory experience into structural change.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optimal level activity of matrix metalloproteinases is critical for adult visual plasticity in the healthy and stroke-affected brain

    Justyna Pielecka-Fortuna et al.
    Matrix metalloproteinases play a crucial role in adult visual plasticity in the brains of healthy and stroke-affected mice and their activity has to be within a narrow window for experience-induced plasticity to occur.
    1. Neuroscience

    Translational control of auditory imprinting and structural plasticity by eIF2α

    Gervasio Batista et al.
    Behavioral pharmacology and molecular biology reveal a translational control mechanism underlying auditory imprinting and structural plasticity that can be pharmacologically manipulated to reopen the critical period.

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