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    1. Neuroscience

    A synergy-based hand control is encoded in human motor cortical areas

    Andrea Leo et al.
    The human brain encodes coordinated patterns of joint movements – synergies – to increase the efficiency with which it can control complex hand movements.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Organic electrochemical transistor arrays for real-time mapping of evoked neurotransmitter release in vivo

    Kai Xie et al.
    An implantable device based on organic electrochemical transistors is developed for quantitative mapping of neurotransmitter release across multiple brain regions, revealing a cross-talk between the mesolimbic and nigrostriatal dopaminergic pathways.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Neural ensemble dynamics in dorsal motor cortex during speech in people with paralysis

    Sergey D Stavisky et al.
    Neurons in human dorsal motor cortex, an area involved in controlling arm and hand movements, are also active – and show similar ensemble dynamics – during speaking.
    1. Neuroscience

    An image-computable model for the stimulus selectivity of gamma oscillations

    Dora Hermes et al.
    Gamma-band oscillations show striking differences in stimulus selectivity compared to fMRI and broadband field potentials in human visual cortex, and are explained by a novel, image-computable model.
    1. Neuroscience

    Maintained avalanche dynamics during task-induced changes of neuronal activity in nonhuman primates

    Shan Yu et al.
    Ongoing and stimulus-evoked brain activity in cortex are shown in nonhuman primates to follow the organization of neuronal avalanches, a core commonality that might guide optimal information processing in the brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Using an achiasmic human visual system to quantify the relationship between the fMRI BOLD signal and neural response

    Pinglei Bao et al.
    The lower-level retinotopic visual cortex of humans born without the optic chiasm comprises two independent neuronal populations and forms a versatile model for quantifying the relationship between the fMRI BOLD signal and neural response.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    The visual speech head start improves perception and reduces superior temporal cortex responses to auditory speech

    Patrick J Karas et al.
    Human perception and brain responses differ between words, in which mouth movements are visible before the voice is heard, and words, for which the reverse is true.
    1. Neuroscience

    Targeted cortical reorganization using optogenetics in non-human primates

    Azadeh Yazdan-Shahmorad et al.
    Focal optogenetic stimulation strengthens functional connectivity between primary somatosensory and motor cortices in macaques, in a manner consistent with a Hebbian model of stimulus-driven plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Subthalamic nucleus gamma activity increases not only during movement but also during movement inhibition

    Petra Fischer et al.
    Sudden stopping of rhythmic movement is associated with a pronounced increase of 60-90 Hz gamma oscillations in the subthalamic nucleus, which have formerly been regarded as favouring movement.
    1. Neuroscience

    The auditory representation of speech sounds in human motor cortex

    Connie Cheung et al.
    Brain activity patterns in motor cortex differ when we listen to speech as opposed to produce it.