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    1. Neuroscience

    Left-right side-specific endocrine signaling complements neural pathways to mediate acute asymmetric effects of brain injury

    Nikolay Lukoyanov et al.
    In addition to the well-established involvement of descending neural tracts, the left-right side-specific endocrine mechanism may contribute to signaling from injured brain to spinal motor circuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    A muscle-epidermis-glia signaling axis sustains synaptic specificity during allometric growth in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Jiale Fan et al.
    The work uncovers a muscle-epidermis-glia signaling axis, modulated by protease mig-17 and the basement membrane, that regulates synaptic allometry during growth in Caenorhabditis elegans.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Receptor-specific interactome as a hub for rapid cue-induced selective translation in axons

    Max Koppers et al.
    Multiple axonal guidance receptors control the local and selective translation of mRNAs by binding to ribosomes, specific mRNAs and RNA-binding proteins.
    1. Neuroscience

    A subcortical circuit linking the cerebellum to the basal ganglia engaged in vocal learning

    Ludivine Pidoux et al.
    The cerebellum sends a functional input to the song-related basal ganglia via the thalamus in songbirds that can modify premotor activity, and it participates to song learning in juvenile birds.
    1. Neuroscience

    Circular oligomerization is an intrinsic property of synaptotagmin

    Jing Wang et al.
    Calcium-binding synaptotagmins are involved in ring oligomer formation, which allows synaptotagmins to synchronize neurotransmitter release to Ca2+ influx.
    1. Neuroscience

    Control of voluntary and optogenetically perturbed locomotion by spike rate and timing of neurons of the mouse cerebellar nuclei

    Rashmi Sarnaik, Indira M Raman
    Stride-related modulated firing by neurons of the cerebellar nuclei is required for smooth execution of practiced locomotion and persists more easily with synchronous than asynchronous Purkinje-mediated inhibition.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    CNTN5-/+or EHMT2-/+human iPSC-derived neurons from individuals with autism develop hyperactive neuronal networks

    Eric Deneault et al.
    Autism-associated iPSC-derived neurons mutant in CNTN5 or EHMT2 are hyperactive.
    1. Neuroscience

    A spike sorting toolbox for up to thousands of electrodes validated with ground truth recordings in vitro and in vivo

    Pierre Yger et al.
    A spike sorting toolbox to quickly and reliably access the activity of thousands of neurons recorded with dense extracellular probes.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Mechanistic insights into neurotransmitter release and presynaptic plasticity from the crystal structure of Munc13-1 C1C2BMUN

    Junjie Xu et al.
    The crystal structure of a large C-terminal fragment of Munc13-1 provides a key framework to understand how Munc13-1 mediates neurotransmitter release and presynaptic plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Proprioceptive and cutaneous sensations in humans elicited by intracortical microstimulation

    Michelle Armenta Salas et al.
    Electrical microstimulation of human somatosensory cortex elicited purely naturalistic proprioceptive and cutaneous sensations, with proprioceptive sensations more prominent at higher current amplitudes suggesting a relationship between amplitude and sensation type.