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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The skin microbiome facilitates adaptive tetrodotoxin production in poisonous newts

    Patric M Vaelli et al.
    Skin-associated bacteria underlie the production of a potent defensive neurotoxin in newts, impacting host physiology, molecular evolution, and predator-prey interactions in a coevolutionary arms race.
    1. Neuroscience

    Incomplete vesicular docking limits synaptic strength under high release probability conditions

    Gerardo Malagon et al.
    The probability of occupancy of individual synaptic release sites at rest sets an upper limit to synaptic output when increasing action potential related calcium entry.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase uses its NAD+ substrate-binding site to chaperone phosphorylated Tau

    Xiaojuan Ma et al.
    Mechanistic insight into the chaperone-like activity of NMNAT to phosphorylated Tau reveals a connection between NAD+metabolism and Tau homeostasis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Targeting mir128-3p alleviates myocardial insulin resistance and prevents ischemia-induced heart failure

    Andrea Ruiz-Velasco et al.
    Targeting mir128-3p could prevent cardiac insulin resistance in the non-infarcted myocardium and limit cardiac injury after myocardial infarction, delaying the development of heart failure.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cerebellar modulation of synaptic input to freezing-related neurons in the periaqueductal gray

    Christopher E Vaaga et al.
    The mouse cerebellum regulates innate defensive neural circuitry by tonically controlling dopamine release in the periaqueductal gray, thereby modulating synaptic responses of the Chx10-positive neurons that generate freezing behavior.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Cell-specific exon methylation and CTCF binding in neurons regulate calcium ion channel splicing and function

    Eduardo Javier López Soto, Diane Lipscombe
    Cell-specific alternative splicing of the synaptic calcium channel gene Cacna1b is controlled by exon hypomethylation and CTCF binding and is disrupted following nerve injury.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Microneedle manipulation of the mammalian spindle reveals specialized, short-lived reinforcement near chromosomes

    Pooja Suresh et al.
    Directly exerting force on the mammalian spindle reveals local and short-lived reinforcement in the spindle center, well-suited to preserve connections to chromosomes over seconds and yet allow remodeling over minutes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Kainate receptors regulate development of glutamatergic synaptic circuitry in the rodent amygdala

    Maria Ryazantseva et al.
    Glutamatergic projections from basolateral to central amygdala, implicated in neuropsychiatric disorders, develop rapidly during early postnatal period and their development is modulated via endogenously active kainate receptors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    A loop structure allows TAPBPR to exert its dual function as MHC I chaperone and peptide editor

    Lina Sagert et al.
    A dedicated structural element facilitates chaperone and antigenic peptide selector function of TAP-associated glycoprotein, a major quality assurance auditor in adaptive immunity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Whole brain delivery of an instability-prone Mecp2 transgene improves behavioral and molecular pathological defects in mouse models of Rett syndrome

    Mirko Luoni et al.
    Global brain transduction of the instability-prone Mecp2 transgene by systemic AAV-PHP.eB administration is safe and effective in protecting male and female Mecp2 mutant mice from the Rett syndrome disease phenotype.