400 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The role of premature evidence accumulation in making difficult perceptual decisions under temporal uncertainty

    Ciara A Devine et al.
    Temporal uncertainty interferes with the timely onset of evidence accumulation in perceptual decision making prompting the brain to rely instead on statistical regularities in the temporal structure of the environment.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Retinal oxygen supply shaped the functional evolution of the vertebrate eye

    Christian Damsgaard et al.
    Multiple respiratory and vascular mechanisms have recurrently evolved across the vertebrates to alleviate the oxygen diffusion limitations inherent to the morphology of the retina.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single-cell transcriptomic evidence for dense intracortical neuropeptide networks

    Stephen J Smith et al.
    Single-cell mRNA sequencing data from mouse neocortex expose evidence for peptidergic neuromodulation networks that locally interconnect every cortical neuron.
    1. Neuroscience

    Motor cortex can directly drive the globus pallidus neurons in a projection neuron type-dependent manner in the rat

    Fuyuki Karube et al.
    Globus pallidus neurons projecting to the striatum are preferentially activated by direct glutamatergic innervation from the motor cortex.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Shifts in myeloarchitecture characterise adolescent development of cortical gradients

    Casey Paquola et al.
    Layer-specific microstructural changes contribute to the maturation of cortical organisation during adolescence.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The mother’s risk of premature death after child loss across two centuries

    Unnur A Valdimarsdóttir et al.
    A large-scale, sibling-based analysis of the Icelandic population spanning two centuries demonstrates an increase in maternal mortality rates after child loss on both sides of a major demographic transition.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mechanisms of virus dissemination in bone marrow of HIV-1–infected humanized BLT mice

    Mark S Ladinsky et al.
    Large-volume light microscopy combined with higher-resolution electron tomography revealed the spatial distribution of virus-producing cells and highlighted mechanisms of HIV-1 dissemination in bone marrow from a small animal model.
    1. Neuroscience

    An image-computable model for the stimulus selectivity of gamma oscillations

    Dora Hermes et al.
    Gamma-band oscillations show striking differences in stimulus selectivity compared to fMRI and broadband field potentials in human visual cortex, and are explained by a novel, image-computable model.

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