146 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The comprehensive connectome of a neural substrate for ‘ON’ motion detection in Drosophila

    Shin-ya Takemura et al.
    Connectomic analysis identifies the complex circuits of a visual motion-sensing neuron that qualify them to generate direction-selective motion sensing signals using both Hassenstein-Reichardt and Barlow-Levick models.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Planting molecular functions in an ecological context with Arabidopsis thaliana

    Ute Krämer
    Research in molecular ecology and evolution is increasingly utilizing the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, placing a spotlight on its natural history.
    1. Neuroscience

    A predictive focus of gain modulation encodes target trajectories in insect vision

    Steven D Wiederman et al.
    Visual neurons in the dragonfly predict the path of a moving target, even when it is occluded or crosses from one eye to the other.
    1. Neuroscience

    Polyglycerol-opioid conjugate produces analgesia devoid of side effects

    Sara González-Rodríguez et al.
    A novel opioid formulation producing analgesia similar to conventional opioids without permeation of blood-brain or intestinal barriers, thus precluding sedation, constipation and respiratory depression.
    1. Ecology

    Transcriptome analysis illuminates the nature of the intracellular interaction in a vertebrate-algal symbiosis

    John A Burns et al.
    The endosymbiosis between an alga and the spotted salamander shows several parallels to invertebrate-algal symbioses as well as to pathogen associations in vertebrate animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct mechanisms mediate speed-accuracy adjustments in cortico-subthalamic networks

    Damian M Herz et al.
    Dynamic changes in activity and connectivity of the human subthalamic nucleus reflect whether a decision will be made in haste or with caution.
    1. Neuroscience

    Transformation of temporal sequences in the zebra finch auditory system

    Yoonseob Lim et al.
    Songbirds discriminate synthetic sounds composed of temporal patterns of clicks, which they transform into distinct ensemble or spatial patterns in successive stages of neural auditory processing.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Nanoparticulate carbon black in cigarette smoke induces DNA cleavage and Th17-mediated emphysema

    Ran You et al.
    The accumulation of carbon black nanoparticles in smokers' lungs causes sterile inflammation, double-strand DNA breaks and emphysema.
    1. Neuroscience

    Comprehensive machine learning analysis of Hydra behavior reveals a stable basal behavioral repertoire

    Shuting Han et al.
    A novel automated behavior analysis method for Hydra identifies pre-defined and new behavior types, and reveals a stable behavior repertoire.
    1. Neuroscience

    Immediate perception of a reward is distinct from the reward’s long-term salience

    John P McGinnis et al.
    The experiences that are most rewarding at the time are not necessarily those that are remembered long-term.

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