A subset of EC/VCs have CD4+T cells with resistance specific to R5-tropic HIV infection associated with transcriptional down-regulation of ccr5, a phenotype that appears to be heritable, across multiple generations.
Intravital imaging with HIV-1 viral-like particle in mouse model reveals a mechanism for HIV-1 uptake by subcapsular sinus macrophages that facilitates HIV-1 spreading tofollicular dendritic and B cells.
In monkeys making decisions that balance noisy evidence and reward expectation, frontal cortical and caudate activity reflect different computational components that are related to the monkeys' strategy.
Open-source software can untwist images of live Caenorhabditis elegans embryos, allowing epidermal and neuronal cell position and morphology to be examined in previously inaccessible developmental time periods.
The principal potassium ion channel in human sperm, Slo3, is primarily activated by calcium ions and controls the membrane potential of human sperm by intracellular calcium ion levels rather than intracellular pH.
In nematode worms, the length of the male refractory period–the time between matings–is regulated by multiple transmitters including dopamine, which both promotes ejaculation and reduces the activity of males post-copulation.