412 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    The interplay of stiffness and force anisotropies drives embryo elongation

    Thanh Thi Kim Vuong-Brender et al.
    Elongation of C. elegans embryos requires stiffness and force to be specifically oriented in a coordinated manner in different cells.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Lin28a/let-7 pathway modulates the Hox code via Polycomb regulation during axial patterning in vertebrates

    Tempei Sato et al.
    Genetic analyses reveal that the loss of Lin28a causes axial shortening with mild skeletal transformations via decreased PRC1 at Hox genes, establishing a new pathway in the “Hox code.”.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Synchronization of endothelial Dll4-Notch dynamics switch blood vessels from branching to expansion

    Benedetta Ubezio et al.
    Increasing levels of the growth factor Vegfa disrupt blood vessel branching morphogenesis and drive diameter increase by synchronizing Notch signalling fluctuations between endothelial cells.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Untwisting the Caenorhabditis elegans embryo

    Ryan Patrick Christensen et al.
    Open-source software can untwist images of live Caenorhabditis elegans embryos, allowing epidermal and neuronal cell position and morphology to be examined in previously inaccessible developmental time periods.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Hox genes control vertebrate body elongation by collinear Wnt repression

    Nicolas Denans et al.
    The collinear activation of a subset of posterior Hox genes is responsible for establishing a Wnt/T activity gradient that is required to generate the complete body axis, and hence the full set of segments within a vertebrate embryo.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Planar cell polarity-mediated induction of neural stem cell expansion during axolotl spinal cord regeneration

    Aida Rodrigo Albors et al.
    During axolotl spinal cord regeneration adult neural stem cells reactivate an embryonic neuroepithelial cell-like gene program that implements planar cell polarity to orient cell divisions, coupling polarized spinal cord growth with stem cell self-renewal.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A Tgfbr1/Snai1-dependent developmental module at the core of vertebrate axial elongation

    André Dias et al.
    During vertebrate axial extension, the tail bud originates from the activation of a developmental module in a subset of axial progenitors, concurrent but different to gastrulation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Human axial progenitors generate trunk neural crest cells in vitro

    Thomas JR Frith et al.
    Pluripotent stem cell differentiation provides insight into how neural crest subtypes of distinct axial identity are patterned in human embryos.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Shear stimulation of FOXC1 and FOXC2 differentially regulates cytoskeletal activity during lymphatic valve maturation

    Pieter R Norden et al.
    Genetic and molecular analyses show that FOXC1 and FOXC2 play a role in controlling lymphatic valve maintenance as key mediators of mechanotransduction to control cytoskeletal organization and RhoA/ROCK signaling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Presenilin/γ-secretase-dependent EphA3 processing mediates axon elongation through non-muscle myosin IIA

    Míriam Javier-Torrent et al.
    EphA signaling plays dual opposite roles on axon dynamics in neurons, so it inhibits and promotes axon growth through ligand binding and receptor processing, respectively.

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