935 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Emerging Technology: Concerning RNA-guided gene drives for the alteration of wild populations

    Kevin M Esvelt et al.
    Combining CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing with gene drives may enable scientists to reversibly edit the genomes of diverse wild populations, an advance that could help eliminate diseases, support sustainable agriculture, and control invasive species.
    1. Medicine
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Merging organoid and organ-on-a-chip technology to generate complex multi-layer tissue models in a human retina-on-a-chip platform

    Kevin Achberger et al.
    A microphysiological system (retina-on-a-chip) shows the potential to promote drug development and provide new insights into the underlying pathology of retinal diseases.
    1. Ecology

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Addressing the ethical issues raised by synthetic human entities with embryo-like features

    John Aach et al.
    Guidelines governing research into embryos need to be updated in a way that reflects the moral status of synthetic human entities generated using the methods of synthetic biology.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Science Forum: Improving pandemic influenza risk assessment

    Colin A Russell et al.
    Predicting the pandemic potential of influenza viruses from genetic sequence data could transform pandemic risk assessment but progress towards this goal will require the integration of experimental work, computational tools, and virus surveillance.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Using paired serology and surveillance data to quantify dengue transmission and control during a large outbreak in Fiji

    Adam J Kucharski et al.
    A combination of surveillance data, paired sera and mathematical modelling reveals which factors may influence dengue transmission and control in island settings.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Sex-specific effects of cooperative breeding and colonial nesting on prosociality in corvids

    Lisa Horn et al.
    A systematic experimental comparison of prosocial behavior in eight corvid species reveals sex-specific effects of cooperative breeding and colonial nesting, thereby adding important new insights regarding the evolution of prosociality.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Microfluidic-based mini-metagenomics enables discovery of novel microbial lineages from complex environmental samples

    Feiqiao Brian Yu et al.
    Microfluidic-based mini-metagenomics enables the investigation of environmental microbial communities in high-throughput and with single-cell resolution, facilitating genome binning and quantification of function, abundance, and genome variation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mitochondrial support of persistent presynaptic vesicle mobilization with age-dependent synaptic growth after LTP

    Heather L Smith et al.
    Three-dimensional electron microscopy (3DEM) demonstrates the dependence on presynaptic mitochondria for vesicle mobilization as dendritic spines are silently added at P15 or synapses are silently enlarged in adults after long-term potentiation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity fails at the intersection of autism-gene mutations and a novel class of common genetic modifiers

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Forward genetic screens define a novel genetic landscape by which diverse, unrelated autism risk genes may converge to commonly affect the robustness of synaptic transmission.

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