4,810 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Asymmetric ON-OFF processing of visual motion cancels variability induced by the structure of natural scenes

    Juyue Chen et al.
    The fruit fly estimates visual motion by incorporating ON-OFF asymmetric processing that only improves performance when stimuli have light-dark asymmetries matched to natural scenes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Emotional faces guide the eyes in the absence of awareness

    Petra Vetter et al.
    When emotional faces are rendered invisible, our eyes look towards fearful faces and away from angry faces.
    1. Neuroscience

    Comparisons between the ON- and OFF-edge motion pathways in the Drosophila brain

    Kazunori Shinomiya et al.
    A complete connectome of the ON and OFF motion pathways of the Drosophila optic lobe is acquired using three-dimensional EM methods, and the similarities and differences of the two pathways are uncovered.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Removing physiological motion from intravital and clinical functional imaging data

    Sean C Warren et al.
    Image-based motion correction enables the use of fluorescence lifetime and other functional imaging modalities in an intravital and clinical context in the presence of physiological motion.
    1. Neuroscience

    The computation of directional selectivity in the Drosophila OFF motion pathway

    Eyal Gruntman et al.
    ON and OFF visual motion is computed with the same algorithm despite differences in circuit architecture.
    1. Neuroscience

    Coding strategies in the otolith system differ for translational head motion vs. static orientation relative to gravity

    Mohsen Jamali et al.
    Through different coding strategies, irregular and regular otolith afferents preferentially encode translational self-motion and changes in static head orientation relative to gravity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventromedial hypothalamic neurons control a defensive emotion state

    Prabhat S Kunwar et al.
    Stimulation of specific neurons within the hypothalamus triggers a fear-like emotion state and behavioral response in mice, challenging the textbook view that the hypothalamus serves simply as a relay for emotion states encoded in the amygdala.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Selectivity to approaching motion in retinal inputs to the dorsal visual pathway

    Todd R Appleby, Michael B Manookin
    Cells in the primate retina show unexpected sensitivity to approaching motion and optical flow.
    1. Neuroscience

    Monkey EEG links neuronal color and motion information across species and scales

    Florian Sandhaeger et al.
    Using Monkey EEG as a bridge technology, color and motion representations in human MEG are linked to microcircuit activity in ventral stream areas.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Motion sensing superpixels (MOSES) is a systematic computational framework to quantify and discover cellular motion phenotypes

    Felix Y Zhou et al.
    A new computational framework provides a flexible and general approach for single and collective biological motion characterisation and phenotyping ideally suited for high-throughput timelapse screens.

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