339 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Ventromedial hypothalamic neurons control a defensive emotion state

    Prabhat S Kunwar et al.
    Stimulation of specific neurons within the hypothalamus triggers a fear-like emotion state and behavioral response in mice, challenging the textbook view that the hypothalamus serves simply as a relay for emotion states encoded in the amygdala.
    1. Neuroscience

    Increased anxiety and decreased sociability induced by paternal deprivation involve the PVN-PrL OTergic pathway

    Zhixiong He et al.
    The PVN-mPFC OT circuit is an important target for the treatment of disorders related to early adverse experiences.
    1. Neuroscience

    Anxiety dissociates the adaptive functions of sensory and motor response enhancements to social threats

    Marwa El Zein et al.
    Social threats trigger enhanced neural representations within 200 milliseconds in sensory and motor systems of the human brain as a function of anxiety, highlighting its adaptive function in reacting rapidly to dangers in the environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    The causal role of the somatosensory cortex in prosocial behaviour

    Selene Gallo et al.
    A combination of human imaging and brain stimulation techniques show that the somatosensory cortex is essential to prosocial decision making, by transforming observed pain in accurate perception of others' distress.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurobehavioral evidence of interoceptive sensitivity in early infancy

    Lara Maister et al.
    Pre-verbal infants demonstrate an implicit sensitivity to interoceptive sensations, which fluctuates spontaneously during emotional processing and guides audiovisual preferences in the environment.
    1. Neuroscience

    Different types of theta rhythmicity are induced by social and fearful stimuli in a network associated with social memory

    Alex Tendler, Shlomo Wagner
    Variations in the frequency of theta brain waves enable a single network of brain regions to generate appropriate responses to stimuli with different kinds of emotional value.
    1. Neuroscience

    An afferent white matter pathway from the pulvinar to the amygdala facilitates fear recognition

    Jessica McFadyen et al.
    A subcortical white matter connection from the pulvinar to the amygdala predicts how well we recognise fearful faces and the strength of feed-forward neural connectivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Improving emotional-action control by targeting long-range phase-amplitude neuronal coupling

    Bob Bramson et al.
    Non-invasive manipulation of endogenously coupled neural rhythms enhances human control of social-emotional actions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dichotomous organization of amygdala/temporal-prefrontal bundles in both humans and monkeys

    Davide Folloni et al.
    Amygdala/temporal-prefrontal cortex fibers are organised in separate amygdalofugal and uncinate bundles in humans and macaques, shaping the anatomical foundation for decision-making and socio-emotional behaviour.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chronic postnatal chemogenetic activation of forebrain excitatory neurons evokes persistent changes in mood behavior

    Sthitapranjya Pati et al.
    Enhanced Gq-signaling-mediated activation of forebrain excitatory neurons in postnatal life programs enhanced anxiety-, despair- and schizophrenia-like behavior, recapitulating key aspects of the behavioral consequences of early life adversity.

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