979 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Optogenetically induced low-frequency correlations impair perception

    Anirvan Nandy et al.
    Low-frequency correlations among neurons in monkey visual area V4 impair the animal's ability to perform an attention-demanding task, suggesting a causal role of these fluctuations in perception.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Patient-specific mutations impair BESTROPHIN1’s essential role in mediating Ca2+-dependent Cl- currents in human RPE

    Yao Li et al.
    A multidisciplinary platform featured by patient-derived RPEs is established to study the disease-causing mechanisms of BEST1 mutations, and demonstrates gene-supplemented rescue of the mutation-caused deficiency in Ca2+-dependent Cl- current in human RPE.
    1. Neuroscience

    Corelease of acetylcholine and GABA from cholinergic forebrain neurons

    Arpiar Saunders et al.
    Neurons of the cholinergic system, which release the excitatory neurotransmitter acetycholine throughout the cortex, also release the inhibitory transmitter GABA, with potential implications for cognitive function.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Cutting Edge: Building bridges between cellular and molecular structural biology

    Ardan Patwardhan et al.
    The integration of structural data from different imaging scales requires the development of standards and tools for representing the segmentation and transformation of data, and for the annotation of biological structures.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Insulin mutations impair beta-cell development in a patient-derived iPSC model of neonatal diabetes

    Diego Balboa et al.
    Mutations causing proinsulin misfolding trigger unfolded protein response and lead to impaired proliferation and reduced mTORC1 signalling of developing beta-cells in a patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cell disease model.
    1. Neuroscience

    eIF2α-mediated translational control regulates the persistence of cocaine-induced LTP in midbrain dopamine neurons

    Andon N Placzek et al.
    Building on previous work (Huang et al., 2016), we show that translational control by p-eIF2α is a defense mechanism that prevents persistent cocaine-induced synaptic synaptic potentiation underlying compulsive drug seeking.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Ablation of SNX6 leads to defects in synaptic function of CA1 pyramidal neurons and spatial memory

    Yang Niu et al.
    SNX6 regulates the distribution of a protein called Homer1b/c to distal dendrites, enabling the latter to stabilize the synapses and thereby support memory formation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Cancer-associated TERT promoter mutations abrogate telomerase silencing

    Kunitoshi Chiba et al.
    TERT promoter mutations impair TERT silencing upon cellular differentiation and are sufficient to facilitate cellular immortalization without additional tumor selected changes, explaining why they are associated with a very specific tumor spectrum.
    1. Neuroscience

    The AMPA receptor-associated protein Shisa7 regulates hippocampal synaptic function and contextual memory

    Leanne J M Schmitz et al.
    Shisa7 is a bona-fide AMPAR modulatory protein affecting channel kinetics of hippocampal AMPARs, and is necessary for synaptic plasticity and memory recall.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Targeting senescent cells enhances adipogenesis and metabolic function in old age

    Ming Xu et al.
    Senescent cells contribute to age-related fat dysfunction and can directly impair healthy fat progenitor function, in part, via the secretion of activin A.

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