34 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Programmed conversion of hypertrophic chondrocytes into osteoblasts and marrow adipocytes within zebrafish bones

    Dion Giovannone et al.
    Cartilage cells transition through a proliferative intermediate to give rise to bone and marrow fat cells in long bones.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New light shed on the early evolution of limb-bone growth plate and bone marrow

    Jordi Estefa et al.
    A three-dimensional investigation of extinct-tetrapod limbs shows that even though bone elongation and blood-cell production are intimately related to mammal long bones, these functions actually appeared successively in tetrapod evolution.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Heterogeneity of murine periosteum progenitors involved in fracture healing

    Brya G Matthews et al.
    Murine periosteum is highly enriched for osteoprogenitors, many of which express αSMA, but fracture callus chondrocytes are partially derived from other sources.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Sox9+ messenger cells orchestrate large-scale skeletal regeneration in the mammalian rib

    Stephanie T Kuwahara et al.
    Large-scale skeletal regeneration requires Hh signaling in Sox9+ lineage cells to coordinate callus formation and bone repair.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cortical bone maturation in mice requires SOCS3 suppression of gp130/STAT3 signalling in osteocytes

    Emma C Walker et al.
    Targeted SOCS3 null mice reveal that maturation of cortical bone comprises both pore closure and accumulation of high density bone, requiring local suppression of gp130-STAT3 in osteocytes and subsequent osteoclastogenesis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IgE-mediated mast cell activation promotes inflammation and cartilage destruction in osteoarthritis

    Qian Wang et al.
    Osteoarthritis pathogenesis is driven by IgE-mediated mast cell activation.
    1. Developmental Biology

    TALPID3 controls centrosome and cell polarity and the human ortholog KIAA0586 is mutated in Joubert syndrome (JBTS23)

    Louise A Stephen et al.
    Mutations in KIAA0586 (TALPID3) cause a severe ciliopathy called Joubert syndrome that affects organ, cell and centrosome polarity.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Oriented clonal cell dynamics enables accurate growth and shaping of vertebrate cartilage

    Marketa Kaucka et al.
    The clonal oriented cell dynamics enables directional expansion and accurate scaling of sheet-like or rod-like cartilaginous elements and uncouples the mechanisms of elongation from thickness or diameter control.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Inhibiting the integrated stress response pathway prevents aberrant chondrocyte differentiation thereby alleviating chondrodysplasia

    Cheng Wang et al.
    Integrated stress response-induced expression of ATF4 and its transactivation of SOX9 causes aberrant chondrocyte differentiation and skeletal defects which can be alleviated by modulating initiation-factor eIF2α phosphorylation translation control.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Osterix-Cre marks distinct subsets of CD45- and CD45+ stromal populations in extra-skeletal tumors with pro-tumorigenic characteristics

    Biancamaria Ricci et al.
    Osterix, a transcription factor regulating osteoblast differentiation and bone formation, is expressed in subsets of CAFs with osteogenic features and marks tumor infiltrating immune populations enriched in immune suppressive markers.

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