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    1. Neuroscience

    An opioid-like system regulating feeding behavior in C. elegans

    Mi Cheong Cheong et al.
    The discovery that opioid neuropeptide neuronal signaling controls feeding behavior in a genetically tractable invertebrate model may help unravel the mechanisms of appetite control in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Freezing suppression by oxytocin in central amygdala allows alternate defensive behaviours and mother-pup interactions

    Elizabeth Rickenbacher et al.
    Oxytocin in the amygdala suppresses freezing of mothers when exposed to a threat in the presence of their offspring, allowing for pup protection and transmission of information about danger from mothers to pups.
    1. Neuroscience

    Light reintroduction after dark exposure reactivates plasticity in adults via perisynaptic activation of MMP-9

    Sachiko Murase et al.
    Light reintroduction (LRx) after dark exposure reactivates structural and functional plasticity in the adult mouse visual cortex by increasing the activity of MMP-9 at thalamo-cortical synapses.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Altered paracrine signaling from the injured knee joint impairs postnatal long bone growth

    Alberto Roselló-Díez et al.
    Genetic analyses in mice reveal a communication system between the knee joint and the developing bones that could be explored in studies addressing evolutionary changes in body proportions and in future therapies for growth disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    The rate of transient beta frequency events predicts behavior across tasks and species

    Hyeyoung Shin et al.
    Across species, tasks and recording modalities, the rate of transient neocortical beta frequency (15-29Hz) events strongly predicts perceptual ability, providing fundamental mechanistic insight, with implications for tracking and manipulating brain dynamics.
    1. Cell Biology

    A microRNA negative feedback loop downregulates vesicle transport and inhibits fear memory

    Rebecca S Mathew et al.
    A fear conditioning-induced miRNA acts in a negative feedback loop that targets vesicle exocytosis and neurotransmitter receptor trafficking, and inhibits memory formation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Intramuscular Neurotrophin-3 normalizes low threshold spinal reflexes, reduces spasms and improves mobility after bilateral corticospinal tract injury in rats

    Claudia Kathe et al.
    Delayed intramuscular gene therapy with neurotrophin-3 after corticospinal tract injury reduces spasticity and improves locomotion by treating underlying causes of spasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Arcuate hypothalamic AgRP and putative POMC neurons show opposite changes in spiking across multiple timescales

    Yael Mandelblat-Cerf et al.
    Gradual changes in the firing of specific hypothalamic neurons over many hours signal falling energy levels, while short-lived changes over seconds and minutes signal the availability of food.
    1. Ecology

    Implications of being born late in the active season for growth, fattening, torpor use, winter survival and fecundity

    Britta Mahlert et al.
    Being born late in the active season is associated with a fast life history in a hibernating species, the garden dormouse (Eliomys quercinus).
    1. Neuroscience

    Optical control of pain in vivo with a photoactive mGlu5 receptor negative allosteric modulator

    Joan Font et al.
    Localized drug photoactivation provides light-mediated analgesia in behaving mice.