1,474 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Vasoactive intestinal peptide-expressing interneurons are impaired in a mouse model of Dravet syndrome

    Kevin M Goff, Ethan M Goldberg
    Vasoactive intestinal peptide-expressing GABAergic interneurons in cerebral cortex express the sodium channel subunit Nav1.1, and a defined subset of VIP interneurons are dysfunctional in a mouse model of Dravet syndrome.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    The genomes of polyextremophilic cyanidiales contain 1% horizontally transferred genes with diverse adaptive functions

    Alessandro W Rossoni et al.
    Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) analysis in polyextremophile red algae (Cyanidiales) provides explanations for the nonexistence of cumulative effects and eukaryotic pangenomes, and highlights differences between HGT and native genes.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    A microfluidic device for inferring metabolic landscapes in yeast monolayer colonies

    Zoran S Marinkovic et al.
    Metabolic gradients underlie gene expression patterns within spatially controlled expanding 2D microbial colonies.
    1. Neuroscience

    Imaging neuropeptide release at synapses with a genetically engineered reporter

    Keke Ding et al.
    A series of genetically-encoded fluorescent reporters that allow imaging of neuropeptide release in vivo, with sub-second temporal and nerve terminal-level spatial resolution are developed.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Absolute quantification of cohesin, CTCF and their regulators in human cells

    Johann Holzmann et al.
    Absolute quantification of cohesin, CTCF, NIPBL, WAPL and sororin in HeLa cells implies that some genomic cohesin and CTCF enrichment sites are unoccupied at any one time.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An integrative genomic analysis of the Longshanks selection experiment for longer limbs in mice

    João PL Castro et al.
    Genome sequencing of mice selected for longer limbs reveals that rapid selection response is due to both discrete loci and polygenic adaptation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Choice history biases subsequent evidence accumulation

    Anne E Urai et al.
    Choice history signals bias the interpretation of current sensory input, akin to shifting endogenous attention toward (or away from) the previously selected interpretation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The endonuclease Cue2 cleaves mRNAs at stalled ribosomes during No Go Decay

    Karole N D'Orazio et al.
    Cue2 is an endonuclease that cleaves mRNA in the A site of the lagging ribosome upon ribosome collision events.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A FRET sensor of C-terminal movement reveals VRAC activation by plasma membrane DAG signaling rather than ionic strength

    Benjamin König et al.
    VRAC activation, observed with a FRET sensor of intracellular LRRC8-domains movement during gating and by fluorometry, requires plasma membrane localization and diacylglycerol signaling, but is independent of intracellular ionic strength.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stem cell-derived cranial and spinal motor neurons reveal proteostatic differences between ALS resistant and sensitive motor neurons

    Disi An et al.
    Stem cell-derived motor neurons with differential ALS vulnerability identified proteasome activity as a possible mechanism that explains their differential sensitivity.

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