337 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    The endonuclease Cue2 cleaves mRNAs at stalled ribosomes during No Go Decay

    Karole N D'Orazio et al.
    Cue2 is an endonuclease that cleaves mRNA in the A site of the lagging ribosome upon ribosome collision events.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    cryo-EM structures of the E. coli replicative DNA polymerase reveal its dynamic interactions with the DNA sliding clamp, exonuclease and τ

    Rafael Fernandez-Leiro et al.
    Structures of the replicative DNA polymerase Pol IIIα, the DNA sliding clamp, the proofreading exonuclease, and the processivity switch Tau (τ) suggest a mechanism for quick release during lagging strand synthesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Single-molecule FRET unveils induced-fit mechanism for substrate selectivity in flap endonuclease 1

    Fahad Rashid et al.
    Structure specific nucleases that act in DNA replication, repair and recombination actively mold their DNA while transforming their own structure to achieve precise cleavage of their cognate DNA and avoid the deleterious cleavage of noncognate DNA.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Biosynthesis of histone messenger RNA employs a specific 3' end endonuclease

    Ilaria Pettinati et al.
    MBLAC1 is an endoribonuclease specific for replication dependent histone pre-mRNA processing during S-phase and may represent a new type of cancer target.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    RNA structures that resist degradation by Xrn1 produce a pathogenic Dengue virus RNA

    Erich G Chapman et al.
    The Dengue virus contains discretely folded RNA structures that confer the ability to resist a powerful host cell enzyme and produce a disease-inducing noncoding RNA.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    RNA-programmed genome editing in human cells

    Martin Jinek et al.
    A bacterial protein can be programmed with short RNA molecules to stimulate genome editing at specific sites in human cells.
    1. Cell Biology

    Regulated Ire1-dependent mRNA decay requires no-go mRNA degradation to maintain endoplasmic reticulum homeostasis in S. pombe

    Nicholas R Guydosh et al.
    A critical component of the cellular response to unfolded proteins is the widespread rescue of ribosomes that stall on endonucleolytically-cleaved mRNA transcripts.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Local chromosome context is a major determinant of crossover pathway biochemistry during budding yeast meiosis

    Darpan Medhi et al.
    Different homologous recombination pathways are dominant in different regions of meiotic chromosomes, indicating that chromosome structure influences recombination biochemistry.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Perturbation of base excision repair sensitizes breast cancer cells to APOBEC3 deaminase-mediated mutations

    Birong Shen et al.
    Accumulation of mutations in some cancers is correlated with an aberration of DNA repair and access of a DNA deaminase to normal genomic DNA.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Essential roles of Caspase-3 in facilitating Myc-induced genetic instability and carcinogenesis

    Ian M Cartwright et al.
    Myc expression is shown to cause sublethal activation of Caspase-3 and downstream endonuclease G, which causes DNA double strand breaks and oncogenic transformation in human cells.

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