56 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Investigating pleiotropic effects of statins on ischemic heart disease in the UK Biobank using Mendelian randomisation

    CM Schooling et al.
    Identifying why statins differ from other major lipid modifiers has revealed a new modifiable target of intervention for cardiovascular disease relevant to both drug development and optimal statin use.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity fails at the intersection of autism-gene mutations and a novel class of common genetic modifiers

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Forward genetic screens define a novel genetic landscape by which diverse, unrelated autism risk genes may converge to commonly affect the robustness of synaptic transmission.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A quantitative modelling approach to zebrafish pigment pattern formation

    Jennifer P Owen et al.
    A mathematical modelling approach to understanding zebrafish stripe pattern formation exemplifies a biological rule-set sufficient to generate wild-type and a diverse range of mutant patterns.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parkin contributes to synaptic vesicle autophagy in Bassoon-deficient mice

    Sheila Hoffmann-Conaway et al.
    The presynaptic scaffolding protein Bassoon is involved in regulating neurotransmitter release by controlling synaptic vesicle pool size and vesicular protein turnover through increased ubiquitination and Parkin-dependent autophagy.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Role of IL-4 in bone marrow driven dysregulated angiogenesis and age-related macular degeneration

    Takashi Baba et al.
    The IL-4/IL-4Rα axis directory promotes pathological angiogenesis through communications with bone marrow cells leading to neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
    1. Neuroscience

    KIT ligand protects against both light-induced and genetic photoreceptor degeneration

    Huirong Li et al.
    A combination of in vitro and in vivo experiments demonstrate a cell-autonomous role of the KIT ligand/KIT signaling pathway in protecting retinal photoreceptor cells from environmentally or genetically caused degeneration.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Endothelial heterogeneity across distinct vascular beds during homeostasis and inflammation

    Ankit Jambusaria et al.
    Vascular endothelial cells in the brain, heart and lung exhibit tissue-specific heterogeneity and plasticity, expressing genes that were traditionally thought to be only expressed by the surrounding parenchymal tissue cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    EphrinB2 regulates VEGFR2 during dendritogenesis and hippocampal circuitry development

    Eva Harde et al.
    The internalization of the angiogenic receptor VEGFR2 expressed in neurons is controlled by ephrinB2 and is required for neuronal dendritic arborization, spine morphogenesis and circuitry development in the hippocampus.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A proline-rich motif on VGLUT1 reduces synaptic vesicle super-pool and spontaneous release frequency

    Xiao Min Zhang et al.
    In mammals, the vesicular glutamate transporter 1 acquired a proline-rich sequence that negatively regulates the spontaneous release of glutamate by reducing the exchange of synaptic vesicles along the axon.
    1. Neuroscience

    Endothelin signalling mediates experience-dependent myelination in the CNS

    Matthew Swire et al.
    Endothelin signalling, regulated by changes in neuronal activity associated with experience, influences the number of myelin sheaths formed by individual oligodendrocytes.

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