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    1. Neuroscience

    Endothelin signalling mediates experience-dependent myelination in the CNS

    Matthew Swire et al.
    Endothelin signalling, regulated by changes in neuronal activity associated with experience, influences the number of myelin sheaths formed by individual oligodendrocytes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Golgi localized β1-adrenergic receptors stimulate Golgi PI4P hydrolysis by PLCε to regulate cardiac hypertrophy

    Craig A Nash et al.
    β-adrenergic receptors at the Golgi apparatus activate a local signaling pathway, not accessed by cell surface receptors, to drive cardiac hypertrophy and could represent a target for heart failure therapy.
    1. Neuroscience

    Critical role for Piccolo in synaptic vesicle retrieval

    Frauke Ackermann et al.
    The active zone protein Piccolo regulates efficient recycling of SVs via Pra1 and Rab5 and is therefore critical for integrity and reliability of synaptic function.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glial Ca2+signaling links endocytosis to K+ buffering around neuronal somas to regulate excitability

    Shirley Weiss et al.
    An unbiased genetic screen in Drosophila provides evidence for a direct link between glial Ca2+ 25 signaling and classical functions of glia in buffering external K+ as a mechanism to regulate neuronal excitability.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Venous endothelin modulates responsiveness of cardiac sympathetic axons to arterial semaphorin

    Denise M Poltavski et al.
    Second-order guidance, a novel mechanism by which an initial guidance cue controls expression of a second guidance receptor, is required for precise refinement of axon trajectories during PNS development.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular and topological reorganizations in mitochondrial architecture interplay during Bax-mediated steps of apoptosis

    Nicholas R Ader et al.
    Correlative microscopy and electron cryo-tomography on apoptotic HeLa cells reveal remodeling of outer and inner mitochondrial membranes, Bax cluster ultrastructure and ATP synthase reorganization in ruptured mitochondria.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Hedgehog signaling patterns the oral-aboral axis of the mandibular arch

    Jingyue Xu et al.
    SHH signaling acts through FOXF1/2 transcription factors and antagonizes BMP signaling to specify oral fate and pattern the oral-aboral axis of the mandibular arch to ensure proper formation of jaws.
    1. Neuroscience

    Expanded genetic screening in Caenorhabditis elegans identifies new regulators and an inhibitory role for NAD+ in axon regeneration

    Kyung Won Kim et al.
    A function-based genetic screen using the Caenorhabditis elegans axotomy model identifies new regulators and an inhibitory role for NAD+ in axon regeneration, expanding the understanding of axon injury responses and regeneration.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Global transcriptional analysis identifies a novel role for SOX4 in tumor-induced angiogenesis

    Stephin J Vervoort et al.
    Global transcriptome analysis reveals that the transcription factor SOX4 can promote breast tumor development via tumor angiogenesis by promoting paracrine signalling through endothelin-1.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Computational design of thermostabilizing point mutations for G protein-coupled receptors

    Petr Popov et al.
    A comprehensive approach to prediction of stabilizing mutations in G-protein coupled receptors yields high hit rate and crystal structures of 5HT2C in both active and inactive states.