A post-lysosomal cholesterol transport inhibitor reveals how the endoplasmic reticulum membrane regulates total cellular cholesterol by constantly monitoring a critical pool of cholesterol in the plasma membrane.
Proteins of the reticulon and REEP families, homologous to the products of human Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia disease genes, contribute to shaping and continuity of the axonal endoplasmic reticulum network in Drosophila.
The extent of (proteotoxic) endoplasmic reticulum stress, and the ensuing unfolded protein response activation, are commensurate with the extent of the chaperone BiP being sequestered by its client proteins.
Direct modification by endogenous peroxide of a conserved cysteine in the molecular chaperone BiP decouples its ATPase and peptide-binding activities, allowing for enhanced polypeptide holdase activity during oxidative stress.
Adapting a cytosolic enzyme that breaks down glutathione to function in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum challenges the long-held view that reduced glutathione fuels disulfide rearrangements during protein folding.