542 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Specificity in endoplasmic reticulum-stress signaling in yeast entails a step-wise engagement of HAC1 mRNA to clusters of the stress sensor Ire1

    Eelco van Anken et al.
    Selective docking of HAC1 mRNA on Ire1 clusters at a site separate from the Ire1 RNase domain is key for endoplasmic reticulum stress signaling.
    1. Cell Biology

    Inadequate BiP availability defines endoplasmic reticulum stress

    Milena Vitale et al.
    The extent of (proteotoxic) endoplasmic reticulum stress, and the ensuing unfolded protein response activation, are commensurate with the extent of the chaperone BiP being sequestered by its client proteins.
    1. Cell Biology

    Nuclear receptor LRH-1/NR5A2 is required and targetable for liver endoplasmic reticulum stress resolution

    Jennifer L Mamrosh et al.
    LRH-1/NR5A2 responds to ER stress by inducing a novel pathway that is required for stress resolution in mice and can be targeted by LRH-1 agonists.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    A cross-kingdom conserved ER-phagy receptor maintains endoplasmic reticulum homeostasis during stress

    Madlen Stephani et al.
    C53 bridges selective autophagy with ribosome-associated quality control at the endoplasmic reticulum.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Misfolded proteins bind and activate death receptor 5 to trigger apoptosis during unresolved endoplasmic reticulum stress

    Mable Lam et al.
    Death receptor 5 can directly sense misfolded proteins downstream of the endoplasmic reticulum to provide a quality control mechanism that executes apoptosis and prevents further production of misfolded proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Redox signaling via the molecular chaperone BiP protects cells against endoplasmic reticulum-derived oxidative stress

    Jie Wang et al.
    Direct modification by endogenous peroxide of a conserved cysteine in the molecular chaperone BiP decouples its ATPase and peptide-binding activities, allowing for enhanced polypeptide holdase activity during oxidative stress.
    1. Cell Biology

    Ceapins inhibit ATF6α signaling by selectively preventing transport of ATF6α to the Golgi apparatus during ER stress

    Ciara M Gallagher, Peter Walter
    Ceapins specifically inhibit ATF6α signaling by preventing its transport to the Golgi during endoplasmic reticulum stress.
    1. Cell Biology

    The unfolded protein response and endoplasmic reticulum protein targeting machineries converge on the stress sensor IRE1

    Diego Acosta-Alvear et al.
    The coordination of protein targeting to the endoplasmic reticulum and the unfolded protein response through the stress sensor IRE1 ensures quality control of the secreted and transmembrane proteomes.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    FoxO suppresses endoplasmic reticulum stress to inhibit growth of Tsc1-deficient tissues under nutrient restriction

    Avantika Gupta, Hugo Stocker
    Transcriptomic and genetic analyses of FoxO target genes reveal a key function of ER-associated protein degradation in growth regulation of Tsc1-deficient tissues.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Caspase-mediated cleavage of IRE1 controls apoptotic cell commitment during endoplasmic reticulum stress

    Anna Shemorry et al.
    Biochemical and biological studies reveal that caspases feed back onto the Unfolded Protein Response by cleaving the ER-stress sensor IRE1 to produce a cytoprotective N-terminal fragment that inhibits BAX-dependent apoptosis.

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