307 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    EDEM2 stably disulfide-bonded to TXNDC11 catalyzes the first mannose trimming step in mammalian glycoprotein ERAD

    Ginto George et al.
    EDEM2 containing mannosidase homology domain functions as an initiator of endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation of misfolded glycoproteins by conversion of Man9GlcNAc2 to Man8GlcNAc2, only when complexed with TXNDC11 containing thioredoxin-like domains.
    1. Neuroscience

    The critical role of membralin in postnatal motor neuron survival and disease

    Bo Yang et al.
    Membralin mutant mice manifest a severe and early-onset motor neuron disease with defects in endoplasmic reticulum-associated protein degradation.
    1. Cell Biology

    USP13 antagonizes gp78 to maintain functionality of a chaperone in ER-associated degradation

    Yanfen Liu et al.
    A deubiquitinase antagonizes the activity of an associated E3 ligase to prevent uncontrolled ubiquitination of a degradation machinery protein and thus maintain its functionality in protein quality control at the endoplasmic reticulum.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Cycles of autoubiquitination and deubiquitination regulate the ERAD ubiquitin ligase Hrd1

    Brian G Peterson et al.
    The Hrd1-centric endoplasmic reticulum associated degradation system is regulated by interplay between the system's components.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cooperation of mitochondrial and ER factors in quality control of tail-anchored proteins

    Verena Dederer et al.
    The endoplasmic reticulum E3 ubiquitin ligase Doa10 and the mitochondrial AAA-ATPase Msp1 govern targeting fidelity of outer mitochondrial tail-anchored proteins by controlling cytoplasmic concentration and extracting mistargeted and orphan species.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cell Biology: Opening up new fronts in the fight against cholesterol

    Russell A DeBose-Boyd, Jay D Horton
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    1. Cell Biology

    Proteasomes: Nrf1 to the rescue

    Jin Ye
    Insight
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    1. Plant Biology

    The manifold actions of signaling peptides on subcellular dynamics of a receptor specify stomatal cell fate

    Xingyun Qi et al.
    A binary cell fate decision to be or not to be stomata is regulated by multiple peptide ligands, each triggering a unique subcellular dynamics of their shared receptor.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Vibrio deploys type 2 secreted lipase to esterify cholesterol with host fatty acids and mediate cell egress

    Suneeta Chimalapati et al.
    Considering the course of a pathogen's evolution, there appears to be interplay between secretion systems, providing unique, synergistic mechanisms to support a successful lifestyle for possibly pathogenesis, symbiosis and/or parasitosis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Multiplexed measurement of variant abundance and activity reveals VKOR topology, active site and human variant impact

    Melissa A Chiasson et al.
    Human vitamin K epoxide reductase (VKOR) has a four transmembrane domain topology that supports the use of a homology model, enabling identification of active site residues and human variant impact.

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