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    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Structural basis for the prion-like MAVS filaments in antiviral innate immunity

    Hui Xu et al.
    Mitochondrial anti-viral signaling proteins form three-stranded helical filaments in launching innate immune responses against RNA viruses.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mitochondrial Rab GAPs govern autophagosome biogenesis during mitophagy

    Koji Yamano et al.
    Two GAP proteins bound to mitochondria regulate the enyzme Rab7, and thereby the expansion of the isolation membrane during mitophagy, downstream of PINK1 and Parkin, two proteins that are mutated in familial Parkinson's disease.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Delivery of endocytosed proteins to the cell–division plane requires change of pathway from recycling to secretion

    Sandra Richter et al.
    The same membrane trafficking cargo can change pathways mediated by different members of ARF-GEF family of vesicle formation regulators.
    1. Neuroscience

    Regulation of branching dynamics by axon-intrinsic asymmetries in Tyrosine Kinase Receptor signaling

    Marlen Zschätzsch et al.
    Asymmetric localization of the receptor EGFR within branches of axons is required to establish the precise wiring of neuronal networks within the Drosophila brain.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Targeted genome editing by lentiviral protein transduction of zinc-finger and TAL-effector nucleases

    Yujia Cai et al.
    Lentiviral protein transduction offers a new approach for administration of custom-designed nucleases, leading to high-efficacy targeted gene editing and reduced off-target activity after virus-directed delivery of programmable nuclease proteins.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Tyrosine phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II CTD is associated with antisense promoter transcription and active enhancers in mammalian cells

    Nicolas Descostes et al.
    Genome-wide analysis reveals novel functions for a post-translational modification to the carboxy-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA Polymerase II in mammals.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mechanisms of organelle biogenesis govern stochastic fluctuations in organelle abundance

    Shankar Mukherji, Erin K O'Shea
    A systematic comparison of experimentally measured and theoretically predicted magnitudes of organelle abundance fluctuations suggests that budding yeast produces the maximum level of variability in organelle abundance that can be generated by organelle biogenesis pathways.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    miR-142 orchestrates a network of actin cytoskeleton regulators during megakaryopoiesis

    Elik Chapnik et al.
    miR-142 is instrumental for actin homeostasis, and its loss disrupts the cytoskeleton organization and thrombopoiesis of megakaryocytes.
    1. Cell Biology

    Transport of soluble proteins through the Golgi occurs by diffusion via continuities across cisternae

    Galina V Beznoussenko et al.
    The soluble cargo protein albumin traverses the Golgi stack at much faster rates than procollagen aggregates, by diffusion via intercisternal continuities.
    1. Cell Biology

    Structure of cellular ESCRT-III spirals and their relationship to HIV budding

    Anil G Cashikar et al.
    Electron microscopy on native membranes reveals the shape and potential function of protein machinery responsible for budding vesicles and viruses away from the cytoplasm.