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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Membranes, energetics, and evolution across the prokaryote-eukaryote divide

    Michael Lynch, Georgi K Marinov
    The common view that the mitochondrion endowed eukaryotes with a boost in bioenergetic capacity above that in prokaryotes is inconsistent with a diversity of cellular features.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Apicomplexan-like parasites are polyphyletic and widely but selectively dependent on cryptic plastid organelles

    Jan Janouškovec et al.
    Apicomplexan-like parasites originated several times independently and many of them contain cryptic plastid organelles, which demonstrate that the parasites evolved from photosynthetic algae.
    1. Ecology

    Entomopathogenic nematodes increase predation success by inducing cadaver volatiles that attract healthy herbivores

    Xi Zhang et al.
    By changing the smell of their host, entomopathogenic nematodes attract future hosts and increase their predation success.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Comparative genomics explains the evolutionary success of reef-forming corals

    Debashish Bhattacharya et al.
    The analysis of 20 coral genomic datasets provides unprecedented insights into what makes reef-building corals unique, including the evolution of novel gene families involved in biomineralization, signaling and stress responses that have led to their evolutionary success throughout the Phanerozoic Eon.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Cancer Biology

    Origins and functional consequences of somatic mitochondrial DNA mutations in human cancer

    Young Seok Ju et al.
    Identifying 1,907 mitochondrial somatic mutations from 1,675 tumor tissues provides new insights into the causes and effects of the mitochondrial genome mutations found in human cancers.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    A gene horizontally transferred from bacteria protects arthropods from host plant cyanide poisoning

    Nicky Wybouw et al.
    The enzyme that allows some mites and insects to detoxify the hydrogen cyanide produced by plants has been identified.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Small molecule inhibition of apicomplexan FtsH1 disrupts plastid biogenesis in human pathogens

    Katherine Amberg-Johnson et al.
    An unbiased chemical screen identifies the AAA+ membrane metalloprotease FtsH1 as a novel apicoplast biogenesis factor and druggable antimalarial target.
    1. Cell Biology

    Bacterial fumarase and L-malic acid are evolutionary ancient components of the DNA damage response

    Esti Singer et al.
    The dual function of an ancient prokaryotic enzyme, which is linked to specific metabolite signals, may have been the evolutionary driving force behind its dual localization in eukaryotes.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Spatio-temporal control of mutualism in legumes helps spread symbiotic nitrogen fixation

    Benoit Daubech et al.
    Experiments and mathematical modelling show that rare nitrogen fixing symbionts invade a population dominated by non-fixing bacteria across plant generations, above a threshold of a combination of ecological factors.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Subcellular tracking reveals the location of dimethylsulfoniopropionate in microalgae and visualises its uptake by marine bacteria

    Jean-Baptiste Raina et al.
    The intracellular location of a key sulfur compound, dimethylsulfoniopropionate, was identified in microalgae and its subsequent uptake by marine bacteria was quantified using a combination of secondary-ion mass-spectrometry techniques.