380 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Viral miRNA adaptor differentially recruits miRNAs to target mRNAs through alternative base-pairing

    Carlos Gorbea et al.
    iRICC, a new method to identify RNA-RNA interactions in vivo, provides mechanistic insight into the function of a viral non-coding RNA.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A composite double-/single-stranded RNA-binding region in protein Prp3 supports tri-snRNP stability and splicing

    Sunbin Liu et al.
    Structural and functional analyses show how the spliceosomal Prp3 protein concomitantly binds double- and single- stranded regions in U4/U6 di-snRNAs and serves to stabilize the U4/U6•U5 tri-snRNP for splicing.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Rad52-Rad51 association is essential to protect Rad51 filaments against Srs2, but facultative for filament formation

    Emilie Ma et al.
    The association of Rad52 with Rad51, while not critical for Rad51 filament formation, is crucial to protect Rad51 filaments from Srs2 translocase activity through the association of Rad52 with complete Rad51 filaments.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Alkylative damage of mRNA leads to ribosome stalling and rescue by trans translation in bacteria

    Erica N Thomas et al.
    Alkylation stress modify mRNAs and results in translation arrest, which activates the ribosome-rescue pathway of trans translation in bacteria.
    1. Neuroscience

    A high affinity RIM-binding protein/Aplip1 interaction prevents the formation of ectopic axonal active zones

    Matthias Siebert et al.
    High affinity interactions with transport adaptors are important to shield the interaction surfaces of cytomatrix components to block fatal premature oligomerization of active zone proteins during axonal transport.
  1. Meeting report: Visions and versions and the future of peer review

    Mark Patterson shares some perspectives after the recent ASAPbio meeting on Transparency, Recognition, and Innovation in Peer Review in the Life Sciences.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    New capsaicin analogs as molecular rulers to define the permissive conformation of the mouse TRPV1 ligand-binding pocket

    Simon Vu et al.
    Novel capsaicin analogs with conserved chemistry but varying sizes were used as molecular rulers to investigate energetics of conformational changes in the ligand-binding pocket and mechanisms of TRPV1 ligand-gating.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    LRRC8A is essential for hypotonicity-, but not for DAMP-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation

    Jack P Green et al.
    Depletion of LRRC8A provides genetic evidence for the importance of Cl- channels in NLRP3 activation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Estrogen receptor alpha in the brain mediates tamoxifen-induced changes in physiology in mice

    Zhi Zhang et al.
    Estrogen receptor alpha in the hypothalamus is required for the effects of chronic tamoxifen treament on gene expression, thermoregulation, bone, and movement in mice.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Controlling opioid receptor functional selectivity by targeting distinct subpockets of the orthosteric site

    Rajendra Uprety et al.
    The structure-based design established a new approach to control pathway-selective activation of opioid receptors, resulting in new dual MOR/KOR G-protein biased agonist analgesics with attenuated liabilities.

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