1,287 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Effects of an urban sanitation intervention on childhood enteric infection and diarrhea in Maputo, Mozambique: A controlled before-and-after trial

    Jackie Knee et al.
    Onsite sanitation maybe insufficient to interrupt transmission of enteric infections in high-burden urban settings, though risk of some infections may be reduced among children protected from birth.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    IL-33 promotes innate lymphoid cell-dependent IFN-γ production required for innate immunity to Toxoplasma gondii

    Joseph T Clark et al.
    Upon Toxoplasma gondii infection, IL-33 plays a critical role in driving early anti-parasite responses by innate lymphoid cells rendered responsive to its effects by infection.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    De novo macrocyclic peptides dissect energy coupling of a heterodimeric ABC transporter by multimode allosteric inhibition

    Erich Stefan et al.
    By random nonstandard peptide integrated discovery, combinatorial macrocyclic peptides were leavaged that target a heterodimeric ABC transport complex and explore fundamental principles of the substrate translocation cycle.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The final step of 40S ribosomal subunit maturation is controlled by a dual key lock

    Laura Plassart et al.
    Cryo-EM and functional studies reveal how combined action of proteins RPS26/eS26 and RIO1 allows late precursors to the human small ribosomal particle to be matured into fully translation-competent 40S subunits.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    In vitro reconstitution reveals major differences between human and bacterial cytochrome c synthases

    Molly C Sutherland et al.
    Despite the known heme attachment motif (CXXCH) in all c-type cytochromes, attachment elements recognized by human and bacterial cytochrome c biogenesis pathways are distinct, providing clear targets for differential inhibitors.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Fate mapping analysis reveals a novel murine dermal migratory Langerhans-like cell population

    Jianpeng Sheng et al.
    Fate mapping analysis shows that not bona fide Langerhans cells but their ‘look-alikes’ dermal Langerhans cell-like cells migrate to the lymph nodes.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    CRISPR-based functional genomics in human dendritic cells

    Marco Jost et al.
    A CRISPR-based method enables targeted knockouts and genetic screens in human dendritic cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Protomer alignment modulates specificity of RNA substrate recognition by Ire1

    Weihan Li et al.
    Biochemical analysis and computational modeling reveal how cells mechanistically control the quality of their proteomes and demonstrate that the precise alignment of subunits in oligomeric complexes can profoundly affect enzymatic properties.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    An NKX2-1/ERK/WNT feedback loop modulates gastric identity and response to targeted therapy in lung adenocarcinoma

    Rediet Zewdu et al.
    Genetically engineered murine models reveal novel mechanisms of cell identity regulation in lung cancer and provide insights into the complex interplay between lineage specifiers and oncogenic signaling pathways in this disease.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Competitive binding of STATs to receptor phospho-Tyr motifs accounts for altered cytokine responses

    Stephan Wilmes et al.
    IL-27 exerts differential activation of STAT1 and STAT3 via IL-27Ra and GP130, respectively, leading to a kinetic decoupling of its gene expression program, which contributes to tune its immuno-modulatory activities.

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