2,608 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Temporospatial induction of homeodomain gene cut dictates natural lineage reprogramming

    Ke Xu et al.
    Spatial and temporal cues intersect, likely via enhancer-promoter looping, to turn on a master identity switch that in turn dictates natural lineage reprogramming with high efficiency and temporospatial precision.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Live-cell imaging reveals enhancer-dependent Sox2 transcription in the absence of enhancer proximity

    Jeffrey M Alexander et al.
    Sox2 transcription is not correlated with spatial proximity of its essential regulatory enhancer in embryonic stem cells, suggesting gene transcription is not limited to periods of direct enhancer-promoter contact.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    MAF1 represses CDKN1A through a Pol III-dependent mechanism

    Yu-Ling Lee et al.
    Pol II-mediated transcription and chromatin looping of CDKN1A are repressed by MAF1 through the regulation of Pol III activity.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Global reorganisation of cis-regulatory units upon lineage commitment of human embryonic stem cells

    Paula Freire-Pritchett et al.
    Promoter interactome maps in human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and ESC-derived early neuroectodermal progenitors link distal enhancers to putative target genes, reveal lineage-specific cis-regulatory architecture and shed light on the logic of gene regulation by multiple enhancers.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A β-catenin-driven switch in TCF/LEF transcription factor binding to DNA target sites promotes commitment of mammalian nephron progenitor cells

    Qiuyu Guo et al.
    β-Catenin-mediated expansion of nephron progenitors is independent of direct β-catenin/chromatin engagement, while progenitor induction proceeds with a β-catenin-driven switch of repressive TCFL1/TCFL2 to activating TCF7/LEF1 factors on transcriptionally poised enhancers.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Transcription-coupled genetic instability marks acute lymphoblastic leukemia structural variation hotspots

    Merja Heinäniemi et al.
    Convergent transcription and stalling of transcription are enriched at DNA breakpoints found in acute lymphoblastic leukemia and associate with DNA structures and sequences that mediate genetic instability.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The human leukemia virus HTLV-1 alters the structure and transcription of host chromatin in cis

    Anat Melamed et al.
    The human leukemia virus HTLV-1 causes abnormal chromatin looping in tens of thousands of infected T cell clones in each host, and abnormal host transcription both flanking the integrated provirus and at distant loci in cis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Plasticity of Escherichia coli cell wall metabolism promotes fitness and antibiotic resistance across environmental conditions

    Elizabeth A Mueller et al.
    Environmental specialization of bacterial cell wall synthases influences intrinsic resistance to cell wall active antibiotics.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A promoter interaction map for cardiovascular disease genetics

    Lindsey E Montefiori et al.
    Promoter capture Hi-C in human iPSCs and iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes provides a platform to interrogate gene-regulatory dynamics of cardiomyocyte differentiation and directly links thousands of cardiovascular disease risk loci to hundreds of distal target genes.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    HIV Tat controls RNA Polymerase II and the epigenetic landscape to transcriptionally reprogram target immune cells

    Jonathan E Reeder et al.
    Tat uses unexpected regulatory mechanisms to reprogram target immune cells to promote viral replication and rewire pathways beneficial for HIV.

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