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    1. Developmental Biology

    Arid3a regulates nephric tubule regeneration via evolutionarily conserved regeneration signal-response enhancers

    Nanoka Suzuki et al.
    Arid3a, a component of H3K9 me3 demethylases, regulates regeneration of the proximal nephric tubule through the evolutionarily conserved regeneration signal-response enhancer.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase MLL4 is required for enhancer activation during cell differentiation

    Ji-Eun Lee et al.
    MLL4 (KMT2D) is a major mammalian H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase that is essential for enhancer activation, cell-type-specific gene expression, and cell differentiation.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mismatch repair-signature mutations activate gene enhancers across human colorectal cancer epigenomes

    Stevephen Hung et al.
    Non-coding mutations in microsatellite-instable (MSI) colorectal tumors are prevalent and activate cancer-specific enhancers, thereby disrupting gene expression control.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Transcription-factor-dependent enhancer transcription defines a gene regulatory network for cardiac rhythm

    Xinan H Yang et al.
    Transcription-factor-dependent noncoding RNA transcription illuminates components of a transcription-factor-dependent gene regulatory network that includes enhancer-associated long noncoding RNAs and is necessary for cardiac rhythm.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Oncogene Regulation: Enhancers not required

    Ying Zheng, David Levens
    Laboratory mice with over half a megabase of DNA upstream of their Myc gene removed still thrive in the absence of stress.
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    1. Cancer Biology

    Mice deficient of Myc super-enhancer region reveal differential control mechanism between normal and pathological growth

    Kashyap Dave et al.
    A tumor-specific regulatory region has been identified upstream of the Myc oncogene.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The transcriptional cofactor TRIM33 prevents apoptosis in B lymphoblastic leukemia by deactivating a single enhancer

    Eric Wang et al.
    TRIM33 performs an essential function in B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia through an association with a single cis element.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Tyrosine phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II CTD is associated with antisense promoter transcription and active enhancers in mammalian cells

    Nicolas Descostes et al.
    Genome-wide analysis reveals novel functions for a post-translational modification to the carboxy-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA Polymerase II in mammals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Multiple interfaces between a serine recombinase and an enhancer control site-specific DNA inversion

    Meghan M McLean et al.
    The structure of the recombination complex responsible for flagellar antigen switching in Salmonella enterica, and the mechanism that regulates the site-specific DNA inversion reaction, have been determined.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A novel enhancer near the Pitx1 gene influences development and evolution of pelvic appendages in vertebrates

    Abbey C Thompson et al.
    Regulatory sequences downstream of a key limb identity gene are required for normal sizes of leg bones, and are changed in wild species with dramatic alterations in pelvic structures.