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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    Multi-enhancer transcriptional hubs confer phenotypic robustness

    Albert Tsai et al.
    Multiple enhancers in physical proximity can reinforce shared transcriptional 'hubs' to preserve their transcriptional output, providing a buffer during environmental stresses and genetic perturbations to preserve phenotypic robustness.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Live-cell imaging reveals enhancer-dependent Sox2 transcription in the absence of enhancer proximity

    Jeffrey M Alexander et al.
    Sox2 transcription is not correlated with spatial proximity of its essential regulatory enhancer in embryonic stem cells, suggesting gene transcription is not limited to periods of direct enhancer-promoter contact.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Mammalian enhancer trap resource for discovering and manipulating neuronal cell types

    Yasuyuki Shima et al.
    A novel transposon-based enhancer trap screen in mice permits high throughput development of highly restricted driver strains targeting specific neuronal cell types.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    3D imaging of Sox2 enhancer clusters in embryonic stem cells

    Zhe Liu et al.
    Lattice light-sheet single-molecule imaging shows 3D Sox2 enhancer clusters in live embryonic stem cells and reveals a model linking 3D spatial distribution of cis-elements, differential target search features and localized gene regulation.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Arid3a regulates nephric tubule regeneration via evolutionarily conserved regeneration signal-response enhancers

    Nanoka Suzuki et al.
    Arid3a, a component of H3K9 me3 demethylases, regulates regeneration of the proximal nephric tubule through the evolutionarily conserved regeneration signal-response enhancer.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Mismatch repair-signature mutations activate gene enhancers across human colorectal cancer epigenomes

    Stevephen Hung et al.
    Non-coding mutations in microsatellite-instable (MSI) colorectal tumors are prevalent and activate cancer-specific enhancers, thereby disrupting gene expression control.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Analysis of zebrafish periderm enhancers facilitates identification of a regulatory variant near human KRT8/18

    Huan Liu et al.
    Analysis of zebrafish periderm enhancers illuminates the conserved DNA of epithelial enhancers across species and prioritizes orofacial-cleft-associated regulatory variants near KRT18/KRT8.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) prime the limb specific Shh enhancer for chromatin changes that balance histone acetylation mediated by E26 transformation-specific (ETS) factors

    Silvia Peluso et al.
    FGF signalling is responsible for priming the developmental enhancer ZRS across the distal limb mesenchyme during development, allowing ETS factors to modulate its activity through balancing histone acetylation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    Quantitative perturbation-based analysis of gene expression predicts enhancer activity in early Drosophila embryo

    Rupinder Sayal et al.
    Mathematical modeling of mutagenesis data for a suite of enhancers uncovers new relationships between the binding sites of transcription factors that help in genome-wide prediction of enhancers.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase MLL4 is required for enhancer activation during cell differentiation

    Ji-Eun Lee et al.
    MLL4 (KMT2D) is a major mammalian H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase that is essential for enhancer activation, cell-type-specific gene expression, and cell differentiation.