3,119 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Effects of an urban sanitation intervention on childhood enteric infection and diarrhea in Maputo, Mozambique: A controlled before-and-after trial

    Jackie Knee et al.
    Onsite sanitation maybe insufficient to interrupt transmission of enteric infections in high-burden urban settings, though risk of some infections may be reduced among children protected from birth.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evidence of human infection by a new mammarenavirus endemic to Southeastern Asia

    Kim R Blasdell et al.
    New mammarenaviruses have been identified from rodents in Cambodia and Thailand, and the Cardamones variant of Wēnzhōu virus has been found in Cambodian patients presenting with fever and respiratory symptoms.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Enteropathogen antibody dynamics and force of infection among children in low-resource settings

    Benjamin F Arnold et al.
    Among children in low-resource settings, diverse enteropathogens share common, population-level antibody dynamics, which creates a new opportunity to estimate transmission through serologic surveillance.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Species-wide whole genome sequencing reveals historical global spread and recent local persistence in Shigella flexneri

    Thomas R Connor et al.
    Shigella flexneri, globally the most frequent cause of bacterial dysentery, is far more diverse, and has caused disease around the world for far longer than other Shigella species by persisting in local environments over extended timescales.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Longitudinal analysis of Plasmodium sporozoite motility in the dermis reveals component of blood vessel recognition

    Christine S Hopp et al.
    Malaria parasites enter the host via the skin, where they are inoculated by an infected mosquito as it probes for blood: the inoculation site is a bottleneck for the parasite and the only time when the parasite is extracellular for more than a few minutes, thus possibly presenting the best opportunity for antibody-mediated inhibition of infection.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Destructive disinfection of infected brood prevents systemic disease spread in ant colonies

    Christopher D Pull et al.
    Upon detecting a fatal infection using chemical cues, ants puncture the cuticle of sick brood and inject antimicrobial poison that disrupts the pathogen's life cycle and prevents it from reproducing, thus protecting the colony from disease.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cellular entry and uncoating of naked and quasi-enveloped human hepatoviruses

    Efraín E Rivera-Serrano et al.
    Quasi-enveloped hepatitis A virions undergo clathrin-mediated endocytosis, followed by ALIX-dependent trafficking to lysosomes where the quasi-envelope is degraded, triggering uncoating of the RNA genome in association with lysosomal membrane rupture.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Metapopulation ecology links antibiotic resistance, consumption, and patient transfers in a network of hospital wards

    Julie Teresa Shapiro et al.
    Patterns of antibiotic use and the connectivity between wards are independently associated with the incidence of antimicrobial-resistant infections in hospital networks.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HSV-1 single-cell analysis reveals the activation of anti-viral and developmental programs in distinct sub-populations

    Nir Drayman et al.
    Single-cell analyses of cells infected by Herpes Simplex Virus 1 revealed extreme heterogeneity among infected cells, including the robust activation of developmental gene programs in highly infected cells.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanisms of nucleotide selection by telomerase

    Matthew A Schaich et al.
    The roles of key telomerase active site residues were elucidated to determine how telomerase selects the correct from the incorrect nucleotide to maintain telomere integrity.

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